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Table 3 Factors associated with placental malaria: logistic regression model (N = 2 044)

From: Coverage of intermittent prevention treatment with sulphadoxine-pyrimethamine among pregnant women and congenital malaria in Côte d'Ivoire

  Placental malaria Univariate analysis Multivariate analysis (N = 2 044)
  (+)
(n = 99)
(-)
(n = 1 945)
OR 95% CI P value AOR 95% CI P value
Age (years)         
   < 20 30 (30.3) 397 (20.4) 1 - - 1 - -
   20-24 35 (35.3) 563 (29.0) 0.82 [0.50-1.36] 0.448 1.39 [0.78-2.47] 0.261
   25-29 17 (17.2) 475 (24.4) 0.47 [0.26-0.87] 0.016 1.10 [0.49-2.48] 0.812
   ≥30 17 (17.2) 510 (26.2) 0.44 [0.24-0.81] 0.008 1.29 [0.53-3.13] 0.574
Gravidity         
   1 45 (45.5) 488 (25.1) 2.67 [1.69-4.22] < 0.001 2.96 [1.45-6.04] 0.003
   2 20 (20.2) 472 (24.3) 1.23 [0.70-2.15] 0.475 1.18 [0.59-2.33] 0.637
   ≥3 34 (34.3) 985 (50.6) 1 - - 1 - -
Location         
   Koumassi 9 (9.1) 276 (14.2) 1 - - 1 - -
   Yopougon 13 (13.1) 387 (19.9) 1.03 [0.43-2.44] 0.946 1.43 [0.59-3.47] 0.427
   Grand Lahou 25 (25.2) 403 (20.7) 1.90 [1.87-4.14] 0.105 3.01 [1.31-6.92] 0.009
   Sassandra 28 (28.3) 179 (9.2) 4.80 [2.21-10.40] < 0.001 8.54 [3.76-19.41] < 0.001
   San Pedro 8 (8.1) 346 (17.8) 0.71 [0.27-1.86] 0.485 1.99 [0.70-5.65] 0.198
   Bouaké 16 (16.2) 354 (18.2) 1.39 [0.60-3.18] 0.442 2.31 [0.98-5.47] 0.056
Mothers' HIV status         
   HIV positive 3 (3.0) 107 (5.5) 0.11 [0.02-0.55] 0.01 0.25 [0.04-1.42] 0.119
   HIV negative 92 (92.9) 1 822 (93.7) 0.20 [0.07-0.62] 0.01 0.39 [0.11-1.38] 0.144
   Not collected 4 (4.1) 16 (0.8) 1 - - 1 - -
Use of IPT-SP         
   Yes (≥2 doses) 29 (29.3) 988 (50.8) 0.22 [0.13-0.36] < 0.001 0.18 [0.10-0.32] < 0.001
   Yes (1 dose) 31 (31.3) 663 (34.1) 0.35 [0.21-0.58] < 0.001 0.32 [0.19-0.55] < 0.001
   No 39 (39.4) 294 (15.1) 1 - - 1 - -
ITNs         
   Yes 23 (23.2) 957 (49.2) 0.31 [0.19-0.50] < 0.001 0.47 [0.27-0.82] 0.008
   No 76 (76.8) 988 (50.8) 1 - - 1 - -