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Table 4 Weighted analysis of knowledge, perception, and practices towards malaria of migrants

From: Respondent-driven sampling on the Thailand-Cambodia border. II. Knowledge, perception, practice and treatment-seeking behaviour of migrants in malaria endemic zones

Variables Cambodian Myanmar
  M1 *
(n = 350)
(%)
M2**
(n = 475)
(%)
M1 *
(n = 871)
(%)
M2 **
(n = 19)
(%)
Heard of malaria 75.0% (69.4-81.7) 54.7% (49.8-59.3) 80.0% (76.6-83.3) 48.4% (21.9-75.7)
Self or family member has had malaria 35.3% (29.9-42.6) 30.4% (25.3-33.6) 29.9% (26.3-34.8) 11.4% (0.0-37.5)
Treated for malaria in the past 3 months 3.2% (1.1-5.6) 7.4% (4.7-9.9) 0.6% (0.2-1.1) 5.3% (0.0-23.1)
Owns one or more bed nets 97.8% (95.8-99.7) 98.4% (96.7-99) 92.0% (89.8-93.8) 84.4% (62.2-100)
Slept under a bed net the previous night 94.6% (91.1-98.2) 97.2% (95.0-99.5) 90.4% (87.9-92.8) 86.6% (68.4-100)
How malaria is transmitted     
Mosquitoes 76.0% (70.4-82.2) 63.4% (58.6-68.2) 83.9% (81.0-87.0) 52.2% (26.3-82.6)
Water 4.8% (2.3-7.3) 2.0% (0.8-3.3) --- ---
Work in forests 8.5% (5.6-12.0) 3.9% (2.4-5.3) 0.3% (0.0-0.8) ---
Don't know 19.6% (13.9-25.0) 33.2% (28.6-37.8) 15.2% (12.0-18.2) 37.0% (9.2-64.7)
Malaria symptoms     
Fever 64.4% (57.8-71.3) 40.9% (35.8-46.0) 56.7% (52.9-60.8) 28.4% (8.0-55.3)
Sweats 11.8% (9.1-16.7) 17.6% (14.2-21.1) 22.3% (18.0-24.3) 1.6% (0.0-3.9)
Body aches 12.1% (9.0-16.1) 7.1% (5.3-9.7) 29.7% (26.5-33.3) 20.1% (3.6-46.5)
Headache 72.2% (66.6-78.2) 50.3% (45.5-55.2) 75.9% (72.5-79.3) 37.9% (15.2-65.6)
Anorexia 3.6% (1.9-5.5) 3.8% (2.2-5.8) 11.4% (7.5-12.7) 1.7% (0.0-4.8)
Diarrhoea 2.5% (1.0-4.9) 0.5% (0.1-1.0) 0.1% (0.0-0.3) ---
Convulsions 1.3% (0.5-2.3) --- 0.2% (0.0-0.5) ---
Dizziness 10.8% (7.5-14.1) 4.05 (2.3-6.0) 16.6% (13.8-19.7) 11.9% (0.0-32.1)
Chills 68.2% (62.7-74.7) 57.9% (53.1-62.6) 57.7% (54.1-61.4) 25.6% (5.9-50.9)
Other 10.7% (6.7-15.2) 12.8% (9.9-16.6) 13.7% (10.6-17.0) 35.4% (0.0-62.0)
Don't know 11.1% (6.1-15.0) 31.0% (26.2-35.9) 6.6% (5.1-8.4) 11.8% (2.5-28.3)
Malaria prevention     
Mosquito net 85.6% (80.7-90.6) 65.5% (60.5-70.7) 87.2% (84.6-89.9) 56.2% (30.0-89.1)
Prophylactic medicine 2.6% (0.8-5.5) 4.3% (2.6-5.6) 0.2% (0.1-0.4) ---
Spray repellant 29.9% (24.8-37.6) 14.6% (12.1-18.4) 76.2% (72.6-79.4) 46.7% (24.0-83.4)
Mosquito coils 23.4% (17.7-29.4) 5.8% (3.8-8.4) 41.1% (37.6-45.3) 1.5% (0.0-4.1)
Keep house clean 3.2% (1.7-5.0) 7.5% (5.1-11.0) --- ---
Cover water tanks 3.1% (1.6-4.6%) 1.5% (0.7-2.6) 0.1% (0.0-0.3) ---
Close windows/door 1.9% (0.4-3.0) 3.8% (1.7-5.7) --- ---
Other 6.1% (3.0-8.8) 3.4% (1.9-5.2) 7.6% (5.6-10.0) 19.1% (0.0-36.5)
Don't know 13.7% (8.7-18.6) 32.0% (27.6-36.5) 9.4% (7.0-11.9) 30.0% (0.7-58.6)
Malaria treatment     
Medicine from health worker 63.3% (55.5-70.7) 40.9% (36.2-45.3) 53.3% (46.6-60.3) 22.1% (5.6-53.2)
Herbal medicine 4.5% (2.4-7.1) 3.5% (1.7-5.0) 0.1% (0.0-0.2) ---
Prayer/meditation --- --- --- ---
Other 3.3% (1.2-5.7) 5.7% (3.2-8.9) 34.5% (28.6-43.0) 32.7% (5.2-68.3)
Don't know 25.8% (18.0-33.5) 50.1% (45.5-55.2) 5.8% (3.9-7.9) 33.6% (5.0-60.9)
  1. * Has lived in Thailand for 6 or more months; ** Has lived in Thailand for less than 6 months