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Table 2 Results of multivariate regression analysis of the association of fever with malaria when controlled for gender, age, residence, use of insecticide treated nets (ITN) and wealth quintile.

From: Self-reported fever, treatment actions and malaria infection prevalence in the northern states of Sudan

  Fever two weeks included: Odds Ratio (95% CI), p-value Fever on the day of survey included: Odds Ratio (95% CI), p-value
Fever in the last two weeks   
No Ref. -
Yes 3.4 (2.6-4.4), <0.001 -
Fever on the day of survey   
No - Ref.
Yes - 6.2 (4.4-8.7), <0.001
Gender   
Male Ref. Ref.
Female 0.7 (0.6-0.9), 0.013 0.7 (0.6-0.9), 0.017
* 1 Age   
<1 Ref. Ref.
1-4 1.0 (0.5-1.8), 0.935 1.1 (0.6-2.1), 0.723
5-9 1.7 (0.9-3.1), 0.074 1.8 (0.9-3.1), 0.054
10-19 1.4 (0.8-2.7), 0.255 1.6 (0.8-2.9), 0.173
>19 0.6 (0.4-1.2), 0.150 0.7 (0.4-1.2), 0.143
Residence   
Urban Ref. Ref.
Rural 1.7 (1.1-2.9), 0.037 1.9 (1.1-3.2), 0.022
Use of ITN   
No Ref. Ref.
Yes 1.4 (0.8-2.2), 0.201 1.4 (0.8-2.2), 0.221
Wealth quintile   
Least Poor Ref. Ref.
Second 2.2 (1.2-4.1), 0.015 2.0 (1.1 -3.8), 0.031
Third 3.0 (1.6-5.7), 0.001 2.7 (1.4-5.1), 0.003
Fourth 4.6 (2.3-9.5), <0.001 4.0 (1.9-8.5), <0.001
Most Poor 3.4 (1.6-7.5), <0.002 2.9 (1.4-6.5), 0.007
  1. *114 individuals did not have age data; Ref. = reference.