Skip to main content

Table 1 Demographic, clinical and biochemical characteristics of malaria cases on hospital admission and healthy controls

From: Reduced cardiac output in imported Plasmodium falciparum malaria

  Malaria cases Uncomplicated cases Complicated cases Healthy controls P-value*
n = 28 n = 21 n = 7 n = 26
Age (± SD) 44.0 (± 11,8) 42.1 (± 10.2) 49.3 (± 15.3) 31.2 (± 15,4) 0.001
Male sex (%) 17/28 (61) 13/21 (62) 4/7 (57) 10/26 (38) 0.1
Temperature, °C (± SD) 37.9 (± 1.0) 38.1 (± 1.0) 37.7 (± 1.1) 36.5 (± 0.4) < 0.001
Respiratory rate,/min (± SD) 17 (± 4) 16 (± 4) 19 (± 5) 17 (± 1) 0.7
Haemoglobin, g/l (± SD) 12,8 (± 1.7) 12.7 (± 1.8) 13.0 (± 1.6) 13,6 (± 1.1) 0.07
Thrombocytes, bn/l (± SD) 64,8 (± 39,6) 73,4 (± 38,7) 40,4 (± 33,2) 252,3 (± 102,9) < 0.001
LDH, U/l (± SD) 334 (± 113) 298 (± 97) 425 (± 100) 149 (± 23) < 0.001
Total bilirubin, mg/dl (± SD) 2.7 (± 4.2) 1.3 (± 0.4) 5.9 (± 7.1) 0.6 (± 0.4) 0.02
Creatinine, mg/dl (± SD) 1.1 (± 0.5) 1,04 (± 0.4) 1.4 (± 0.6) 0.8 (± 0.1) 0.003
  1. *comparison between malaria cases (all) and healthy controls (by Mann-Whitney U- test)