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Table 2 Cardiac function parameters of malaria cases and healthy controls

From: Reduced cardiac output in imported Plasmodium falciparum malaria

  Malaria cases Uncomplicated cases Complicated cases Healthy controls P-value*
n = 28 n = 21 n = 7 n = 26
MAP, mmHg (± SD) 86 (± 11) 86 (± 12) 86 (± 10) 84 (± 13) 0.7
Heart rate,/min (± SD) 86 (± 14) 87 (± 13) 83 (± 16) 70 (± 8) < 0.001
CI, l/min/m2 (± SD) 2.7 (± 0.9) 2.7 (± 0.9) 2.9 (± 0.6) 3.4 (± 0.3) < 0.001
SI, ml/m2 (± SD) 31.3 (± 8.2) 30.3 (± 8.7) 34.2 (± 6.3) 43.6 (± 4.9) < 0.001
SVRI, mmHg m2/(l/min) (± SD) 32.6 (± 10.3) 33.8 (± 11.0) 29.2 (± 7.2) 23.2 (± 5.2) < 0.001
  1. MAP = mean arterial blood pressure; CI = cardiac index; SI = stroke index; SVRI = systemic vascular resistance index
  2. *comparison between malaria cases (all) and healthy controls (by Mann-Whitney U- test)