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Table 3 Cardiac proteins in malaria cases and healthy controls

From: Reduced cardiac output in imported Plasmodium falciparum malaria

  Malaria cases Uncomplicated cases Complicated cases Healthy controls P-value*
n = 28 n = 21 n = 7 n = 26
NT-proBNP, ng/ml (± SD) 139.3 (± 146.6) 117.7 (± 140.3) 231.1 (± 156.2) 60.4 (± 48.2) 0.07
CK-MB, ng/ml (± SD) 21.5 (± 36.9) 24.0 (± 40.7) 10.8 (± 6.1) 12.1 (± 10.3) 0.08
Myoglobin, mg/l (± SD) 43.6 (± 12.5) 42.9 (± 12.0) 45.4 (± 15.0) 27.8 (± 15.0) < 0.001
TnT, ng/ml (± SD) < 0.1 (na) < 0.1 (na) < 0.1 (na) < 0.1 (na) ns
H-FABP, ng/ml (± SD) 1.9 (± 1.1) 1.7 (± 1.0) 2.7 (± 1.0) 1.1 (± 1.6) < 0.01
  1. NT-proBNP = N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide; CK-MB = creatine kinase-muscle brain; TnT = troponin T; H-FABP = heart-type fatty acid-binding protein
  2. *comparison between malaria cases (all) and healthy controls (by Mann-Whitney U- test)