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Table 4 Cardiac proteins in malaria cases and healthy controls

From: Reduced cardiac output in imported Plasmodium falciparum malaria

  Malaria cases Uncomplicated cases Complicated cases Healthy controls P-value*
n = 28 n = 21 n = 7 n = 26
IL-2, pg/ml (± SD) 1.3 (± 1.5) 1.1 (± 1.3) 2.2 (± 1.9) 0.5 (± 0.9) 0.04
IL-6, pg/ml (± SD) 33.8 (± 45.0) 36.8 (± 49.8) 21.0 (± 7.5) 5.0 (± 9.0) < 0.001
TNF, pg/ml (± SD) 2.6 (± 1.7) 2.4 (± 1.8) 3.4 (± 1.0) 1.5 (± 0.7) 0.002
IFN-γ, pg/ml (± SD) 4.9 (± 5.5) 3.3 (± 2.2) 11.6 (± 10.1) 1.9 (± 0.7) < 0.001
IL-17A, pg/ml (± SD) 35.7 (± 29.6) 26.9 (± 16.9) 72.9 (± 45.2) 21.0 (± 9.7) 0.02
IL-4, pg/ml (± SD) 2.7 (± 1.6) 2.4 (± 1.5) 3.9 (± 1.5) 1.3 (± 1.1) 0.001
IL-10, pg/ml (± SD) 246.4 (± 366.8) 256.2 (± 404.7) 204.4 (± 142.7) 2.0 (± 0.8) < 0.001
  1. UM = uncomplicated malaria; CM = complicated malaria
  2. *comparison between malaria cases (all) and healthy controls (by Mann-Whitney U- test)