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Table 4 The distributions of some selected sociodemographic, health service and environmental risk factor univariate analysis for malaria, Jimma town, 2010

From: Urban malaria and associated risk factors in Jimma town, south-west Ethiopia

Variables Microscopically confirmed malaria cases in the study subjects (N = 42)
  N (%) n(%) Crude OR (95% CI) P.value
Education status of HH     
   Non educated 80 (27.5) 13(16.3) 0.82(0.403,1.673) 0.587
   Formal education 211(72.5) 29(13.7)   
Family size     
   1-5 218(74.9) 31(14.2) 1 0.837
   6-10 69(23.7) 10(14.5) 1.02(0.473,2.209) 0.955
   >10 4(1. 4) 1(25) 2.01(.203,19.953) 0.551
Monthly Income of HH     
   < 31.25USD 130(44.6) 22(16.9) 3.67(1.051,12.794) 0.042
   31.25-62.5USD 104(35.7) 17(16.3) 3.52(.984,12.568) 0.053
   >62.5USD 57 (19.7) 3(5.3) 1 0.116
Age of study subjects     
   0-4 73(9.1) 8(11) 5.26(2.001,13.803) 0.000
   5-14 294 (36.6) 24(8.2) 3.81(1.794,8.092) 0.001
   >14 437 (54.3) 10(2.3) 1 0.001
Sex of study subjects     
   Male 335(41.7) 21(6.3) 1.4(0.769,2.660) 0.256
   Female 468(58.3) 21(4.5)   
Kebeles of study subjects     
   Bosa Kito 142(17.7) 10(7) 2.078(0.771,5.598) 0.148
   Bacho Bore 302(36.6) 19(6.3) 1.841(0.759,4.465) 0.177
   Ginjo Guduru 160(19.9) 6(3.8) 1.069(0.352,3.245) 0.907
   Seto Semero 200(28.9) 7(3.5) 1 0.332
Availability of ITNs in the home     
   No 66(22.7) 8(12.1) .920(.378,2.239) 0.853
   One ITN 87(29.9) 16(18.4) 1.502(.721,3.132) 0.277
   More than one ITNs 138(47.4) 18(13) 1 0.452
Usage of ITNs in the home     
   Yes 145 (64.4) 22(15.2)   
   No 80 (35. 6) 20(25) 13.59(4.966,37.21) <001
Family members who use ITNs     
   Whole family 45(31) 1(2.2)   
   Some family members 100(69) 11(11) 5.44(0.680,43.475) 0.110
Presence of stagnant water     
   Yes 167(57.4) 30(18) 2.05(1.00,4.176) 0.047
   No 124(42.6) 12(9.7)   
Distance stagnant water nearby their home     
   <1 km 89 (53.3) 25(28.1) 5.70(2.062,15.771) 0.001
   ≥1 km 78(46.7) 5(6.4)   
  1. Note: N = total number of study participants, n = positive for Plasmodium species