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Table 5 Prescription of anti-malarial drugs by CORPs to febrile patients based on presence or absence of RDT results

From: Accuracy of malaria rapid diagnostic tests in community studies and their impact on treatment of malaria in an area with declining malaria burden in north-eastern Tanzania

Type of
patients
Patients with
BS +ve (%)
Patients
treated (% )
Patients treated
with RDT
+ve(%)
Patients treated
with RDT
-ve (%)
Patients treated
with BS
+ve (%)
Patients treated
with BS
-ve (%)
Pre-RDTs       
Total(5576) 1130(20.5) 5478(98.6) NA NA 1107(20.1)‡ 4319(78.5)
< 5 yrs(1065) 282(26.8) 1030(97.2) NA NA 260(24.8) † 750(71.6)
≥5 yrs(4511) 884(19.0) 4448(98.9) NA NA 838(18.8) § 3560(80.1)
Post-RDTs       
Total(18217) 3779(20.8) 8562(47.3) 4893(27.1)* 3629(20.1) 3383(18.7)# 5177(28.6)
< 5 yrs(4275) 850 (19.9) 4122(96.6) 951(22.4)** 3154(74.3) 826(19.4)## 3296(77.3)
≥5 yrs(13942) 2929 (21.0) 4440(32.1) 3942(28.6)*** 475(3.4) 2537(18.5)### 1881(13.6)
  1. BS = blood smear, RDT = malaria rapid diagnostic test, +ve = positive, -ve = negative, NA = not applicable
  2. For cases with treatment records, ‡5494 in the pre-RDTs period (†1048 under-fives and §4446 aged≥5 years old) had smear results by microscopy; in the post-RDT period, *18034 cases (**4247 under-fives and ***13787 with ≥5 years old) had RDT results while #18087 (##4266 under-fives and ###13821 aged ≥5 years old) had blood smear results by microscopy; and these were used as denominators.