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Table 4 Univariate and multivariable analysis of determinants of bed net ownership in households with children < 5 years old

From: Determinants of bed net use in children under five and household bed net ownership on Bioko Island, Equatorial Guinea

   Houses with at least 1 bed net
    Univariate analysis Multivariable Analysis2
  Total n(%) OR (95%CI) p-value3 OR (95%CI) p-value3
Socio-economic Status       
   1st quintile 281 154(54.8%) 1.00    
   2nd quintile 327 207(63.3%) 1.42(1.05-1.92)    
   3rd quintile 312 216(69.23%) 1.86(1.06-3.26) 0.098   
   4th quintile 337 236(70.03%) 1.93(1.12-3.32)    
   5th quintile 398 260(65.33%) 1.55(0.78-3.11)    
Area       
   Urban 954 664(69.6%) 1.00    
   Rural 701 409(58.35%) 0.61(0.27-1.37) 0.21   
Children sick in last 14 days     
   None 1120 676(60.09%) 1.00   1.00  
   1 340 256(73.35%) 1.83(1.32-2.53) 0.001 1.66(1.23-2.24) 0.007
   2 or more 186 144(77.42%) 2.28(1.53-3.39)   1.94(1.24-3.02)  
Malaria transmitted by mosquitos 4     
   No 74 38(51.35%) 1.00   1.00  
   Yes 1305 860(65.90%) 1.83(1.19-2.83) 0.01 1.75(1.01-3.02) 0.046
Malaria prevented by bednets 4     
   No 382 211(55.24%) 1.00   1.00  
   Yes 1273 862(67.71%) 1.70(1.39-2.07) < 0.001 1.89(1.44-2.47) < 0.001
Is fever a symptom of malaria? 4     
   No 363 235(64.74%) 1.00    
   Yes 1288 836(64.91%) 1.01(0.73-1.39) 0.96   
House Sprayed last year?      
   No 319 186(58.31%) 1.00   1.00  
   Yes 1115 768(68.88%) 1.58(1.11-2.25) 0.01 1.46(1.05-2.02) 0.026
Age of head of household      
   < 30 399 252(63.16%) 1.00    
   30-44 717 467(65.13%) 1.09(0.81-1.46) 0.77   
   > 44 469 309(65.88%) 1.13(0.79-1.61)    
Education of head of household     
   none 118 73(61.86%) 1.00    
   1-4 87 52(59.77%) 0.92(0.52-1.60) 0.32   
   5-9 849 551(64.9%) 1.14(0.76-1.71)    
   > 9 529 352(66.54%) 1.23(0.83-1.81)    
Anyone Pregant last year      
   No 1276 810(63.48%) 1.00    
   Yes 379 263(69.39%) 1.30(0.94-1.81) 0.10   
Been here last 12 months      
   No 236 135(57.20%) 1.00    
   Yes 1411 934(66.19%) 1.46(0.93-2.30) 0.09   
Would you have ACT free?      
   No 479 311(64.93%) 1.00    
   Yes 847 544(64.23%) 0.97(0.78-1.21) 0.78   
   Don't know 320 211(65.94%) 1.05(0.80-1.37)    
Head of household is male?      
   No 980 654(66.73%) 1.00    
   Yes 605 374(61.82%) 0.81(0.62-1.05) 0.11   
Number of children under 5      
   1 946 632(66.81%) 1.00   1.00  
   2 or more 709 441(62.20%) 0.82(0.61-1.09) 0.16 0.73(0.52-1.03) 0.067
  1. Year 2009 (n = 1655)1
  2. 1For the purpose of this analysis, missing data in any of the variables analysed were excluded.
  3. 2Adjusted Odds Ratios and p values using a multiple regression model adjusting for all variables present in the model.
  4. 3P values obtained through Wald Tests.
  5. 4Knowledge questions asked to the household interviewee.