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Table 4 Analysis of household attributes associated with anaemia

From: Malaria epidemiology in the Ahafo area of Ghana

Attribute n/N (%) ORβ, (95% CI) p ORγ, (95% CI) p
   Unadjusted   Adjusted  
Gender of household head      
Female 226/818 (27.6) 1 - 1 -
Male 278/840 (33.1) 1.30 (1.05 - 1.60) 0.016 1.28 (1.01 - 1. 61) 0.038
Age group of household head      
15 - 29 78/182 (42.9) 1 - 1 -
30 - 39 122/454 (26.9) 0.49 (0.34 - 0.70) 0.001* 0.55 (0.37 - 0.82) 0.024*
40 - 49 120/445 (27.0) 0.49 (0.34 - 0.71)   0.56 (0.37 - 0.86)  
50 - 59 78/229 (34.1) 0.69 (0.46 - 1.03)   0.64 (0.40 - 1.03)  
60+ 97/321 (30.2) 0.58 (0.40 - 0.84)   0.49 (0.31 - 0.80)  
Household head educational level      
None 206/603 (34.2) 1 - 1 -
Primary 63/203 (31.0) 0.87 (0.62 - 1.22) 0.029* 0.72 (0.49 - 1.06) 0.080*
Middle/JHS 185/645 (28.7) 0.78 (0.61 - 0.98)   0.70 (0.52 - 0.95)  
> middle/JHS 50/208 (24.0) 0.61 (0.43 - 0.87)   0.84 (0.40 - 0.99)  
Household socioeconomic status      
Poorest 123/357 (34.5) 1 - 1 -
Second 120/333 (36.0) 1.07 (0.78 - 1.47) 0.001* 1.17 (0.82 - 1.68) 0.191*
Third 92/341 (27.0) 0.70 (0.51 - 0.97)   0.83 (0.57 - 1.22)  
Fourth 102/333 (30.6) 0.84 (0.61 - 1.16)   0.99 (0.67 - 1.46)  
Least poor 69/300 (23.0) 0.57 (0.40 - 0.80)   0.74 (0.48 - 1.14)  
Member of Health Insurance      
No 250/927 (27.0) 1 - 1 -
Yes 112/701 (16.0) 0.51 (0.40 - 0.66) 0.010 1.00 (0.77 - 1.30) 0.971
Household ITN ownership      
No 313/950 (33.0) 1 - 1 -
Yes 193/714 (27.0) 0.75 (0.61 - 0.93) 0.010 0.91 (0.69 - 1.20) 0.514
Household size      
≤ 6 201/712 (28.2) 1 - 1 -
> 6 305/952 (32.0) 1.20 (0.97 - 1.48) 0.095 1.28 (0.97 - 1.68) 0.080
Area of residence      
Asutifi impact 84/246 (34.2) 1 - 1 -
Asutifi non impact 86/150 (57.3) 2.59 (1.71 - 3.93) < 0.001* 2.22 (1.38 - 3.55) < 0.001*
Tano N/S impact 115/580 (19.8) 0.48 (0.34 - 0.67)   0.47 (0.32 - 0.68)  
Tano N/S non impact 139/360 (38.6) 1.21 (0.86 - 1.70)   0.97 (0.66 - 1.43)  
Techiman 82/328 (25.0) 0.64 (0.45 - 0.92)   0.49 (0.32 - 0.75)  
  1. β-Univariate logistic regression odds ratio (OR); γ-multivariate logistic regression odds ratio (OR); CI-confidence interval; * -Likelihood ratio p-values; JHS-Junior High School