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Table 6 Analysis of household attributes associated with household ITN ownership

From: Malaria epidemiology in the Ahafo area of Ghana

Attribute n/N (%) ORβ, (95% CI) p ORγ, (95% CI) p
   Unadjusted   Adjusted  
Gender of household head      
Female 561/804 (69.8) 1 - 1 -
Male 555/823 (67.4) 0.90 (0.73 - 1.11) 0.309 0.88 (0.70 - 1.10) 0.271
Age group of household head      
15 - 29 127/180 (70. 6) 1 - 1 -
30 - 39 327/446 (73.3) 1.15 (0.78 - 1.68) 0.018* 1.06 (0.70 - 1.60) < 0.001*
40 - 49 303/439 (69.0) 0.93 (0.64 - 1.36)   0. 69 (0.45 - 1.06)  
50 - 59 140/227 (61.7) 0.67 (0.44 - 1.02)   0.43 (0.27 - 0.70)  
60+ 205/316 (64.9) 0.77 (0.52 - 1.14)   0.47 (0.29 - 0.77)  
Household head educational level      
None 406/593 (68.5) 1 - 1 -
Primary 132/203 (65.0) 0.86 (0.61 - 1.20) 0.131* 0.91 (0.62 - 1.32) 0.402*
Middle/JHS 433/637 (68.0) 0.98 (0.77 - 1.24)   0.98 (0.73 - 1.32)  
> middle/JHS 152/202 (75.3) 1.40 (0.97 - 2.01)   1.35 (0.86 - 2.10)  
Household socioeconomic status      
Poorest 237/348 (68.1) 1 - 1 -
Second 214/330 (64.9) 0.86 (0.63 - 1.19) 0.013* 1.0 (0.70 - 1.43) 0.148*
Third 226/338 (66.9) 0.95 (0.69 - 1.30)   0.97 (0.67 - 1.41)  
Fourth 223/330 (67.6) 0.98 (0.71 - 1.35)   1.05 (0.72 - 1.55)  
Least poor 226/294 (76.9) 1.56 (1.09 - 2.21)   1.55 (1.01 - 2.38)  
Member of Health Insurance      
No 608/937 (64.9) 1 - 1 -
Yes 518/703 (73.7) 1.51 (1.22 - 1.88) < 0.001 1.35 (1.04 - 1.74) 0.022
Household size      
≤ 6 462/697 (66.3) 1 - 1 -
> 6 664/943 (70.4) 1.21 (0.98 - 1.49) 0.075 1.37 (1.05 - 1.79) 0.020
Area of residence      
Asutifi impact 107/246 (43.5) 1 - 1 -
Asutifi non impact 80/150 (53.3) 1.48 (0.99 - 2.23) < 0.001* 1.44 (0.91 - 2.27) < 0.001*
Tano N/S impact 423/562 (75.3) 3.95 (2.88 - 5.43)   3.55 (2.53 - 4.99)  
Tano N/S non impact 268/359 (74.7) 3.83 (2.27 - 5.41)   3.90 (2.68 - 5.67)  
Techiman 248/323 (76.8) 4.30 (2.99 - 6.16)   4.84 (3.22 - 7.26)  
  1. β-Univariate logistic regression odds ratio (OR); γ-multivariate logistic regression odds ratio (OR); CI-confidence interval; * -Likelihood ratio p-values; JHS-Junior High School