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Table 1 ACT Prescribing at facilities with and facilities without ACT stock

From: Taking stock: provider prescribing practices in the presence and absence of ACT stock

Country, Year % (No.) of patients diagnosed with uncomplicated malaria/fever and prescribed ACT
  At all facilities,
% (n)
At facilities with ACT stock,
%(n)
At facilities with no ACT stock,
%(n)
% differencea
(95% Confidence Intervalc; p-value)
Kenya, 2006 [19] 26.4%
(248/940)
28.1%
(243/866)
6.8%
(5/74)
21.3%
(14.1%, 28.5%; p < 0.001)
Kenya, 2010 [14] < 5 yrs < 5 yrs < 5 yrs < 5 yrs
  62.3%
(592/950)
64.1%
(585/913)
18.9%
(7/37)
45.2%
(30.8%, 59.6%; p < 0.001)
  ≥ 5 yrs ≥ 5 yrs ≥ 5 yrs ≥ 5 yrs
  63.5%
(746/1175)
65.7%
(730/1112)
25.4%
(16/63)
40.3%
(28.3%, 52.2%; p < 0.001)
Uganda, 2007 [18] < 5 yrs < 5 yrs < 5 yrs < 5 yrs
  66.4%
(306/461)
69.4%
(297/428)
27.3%
(9/33)
42.1%
(24.7%, 59.7%; p < 0.001)
  ≥ 5 yrs ≥ 5 yrs ≥ 5 yrs ≥ 5 yrs
  56.2%
(415/739)
60.3%
(388/644)
28.4%
(27/95)
31.9%
(21.4%, 42.3%; p < 0.001)
Zambia, 2004 [16] ≥ 10 kg ≥ 10 kg ≥ 10 kg ≥ 10 kg
  10.7%
(42/394)
21.9%
(42/192)
0/202 21.9%
Zambia, 2006 [17] 5-9 kg 5-9 kg 5-9 kg 5-9 kg
  27.0%
(149/552)
41.0%
(144/351)
2.5%
(5/201)
38.5%
(32.6%, 44.5%; p < 0.001)
  ≥ 10 kg ≥ 10 kg ≥ 10 kg ≥ 10 kg
  42.2%
(231/547)
58.6%
(219/374)
6.9%
(12/173)
51.7%
(44.9%, 58.3%; p < 0.001)
Zambia, 2006 [15]b 33.9%
(494/1457)
44.7%
(465/1040)
7%
(29/417)
37.7%
(33.7%, 41.8%; p < 0.001)
  1. a Difference is the proportion of patients who received ACT at facilities with stock minus the proportion of patients who received ACT at facilities with no ACT stock
  2. b Analysis restricted to facilities where diagnostics were available, test negative results excluded from analysis
  3. c Confidence interval not adjusted for clustering at facility level