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Table 1 Factors influencing community participation and the percentage of included paper in which these factors were coded.

From: The architecture and effect of participation: a systematic review of community participation for communicable disease control and elimination. Implications for malaria elimination

Participation Influencing factors (proposed by literature referenced) % of included papers in which factor was coded (number)
Individual level influences Knowledge and perceptions of disease [34, 130] 82% (49)
  Vulnerability versus resilience [30, 95, 131, 132] 45% (27)
  Stigma [34, 132] 15% (9)
  Incentives [132, 133] 72% (43)
  Acceptability of intervention or programme [134] 60% (36)
Household level influences Gender roles & power relationships [34, 135] 22% (13)
  Cultural norms & social mechanisms [24, 30, 34] 45% (28)
  Access [34, 136] 70% (42)
  Urban versus rural implementation [30] 10% (6)
Community level influences Community characteristics [24, 30, 95, 130, 132, 133, 137] 43% (26)
  Disease epidemiology and complexity of intervention [130] 40% (24)
  Process by which communities are engaged to participate [24, 30, 137] 63% (38)
  Congruence of external targets and local priorities [30] 52% (31)
Government/civil society level influences Political environment [30, 132] 13% (8)
  Government advocacy and support [24, 30, 130, 132, 137] 47% (28)
  Health authority commitment to primary health care [30, 130] 50% (30)
  Decentralisation of power and resources & use of community assets [24, 30, 130, 132] 82% (49)
  Multisectoral collaboration and integration of programme into broader development goals [30, 130] 67% (40)
  Financial and human resources [24, 130] 82% (49)
  Techno-financial support & implementation style of locally embedded development agencies [137] 22% (13)