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Table 1 Aquatic larval habitats utilized by the six species found on Santa Isabel.

From: Changes in vector species composition and current vector biology and behaviour will favour malaria elimination in Santa Isabel Province, Solomon Islands

Type of site Species and number of sites occupied (%)
  An. farauti An. hinesorum An. lungae An. solomonis An. nataliae B. hollandi
Swamps tidal 6 (20.7%) 0 0 0 0 0
Swamps fresh 2 (6.9%) 4 (3.3%) 3 (13.6%) 3 (15.8%) 1 (12.5%) 0
Riparian 0 6 (5.0%) 8 (36.4%) 7 (36.8%) 3 (37.5%) 5 (83.3%)
Drains 6 (20.7%) 27 (22.5%) 7 (31.8%) 9 (47.4%) 1 (12.5%) 0
Ground pools, semi-permanent 11 (37.9%) 40 (33.3%) 3 (13.6%) 0 3 (37.5%) 1 (16.7%)
Ground pools, transient 4 (13.8%) 43 (35.8%) 1 (4.5%) 0 0 0
Total 29 120 22 19 8 6
  1. Where riparian sites included pools in creek lines and the margins along creeks usually heavily vegetated and shaded. Drains were all earthen, slow flowing, usually heavily vegetated and shaded. Semi-permanent ground pools refers to small to medium pools of water well established with vegetation in and around the site, well developed aquatic flora and fauna, usually shaded. Examples: borrow pits, large vehicle tracks, blocked creeks and water courses, natural rain filled depressions. Transient ground pools were those maintained only by regular rainfall they were unestablished with no vegetation or fauna usually exposed, unshaded and with a clay substrate. Examples: vehicle tracks, small natural depressions, pig wallows, foot prints, ruts in roads and foot tracks (Figure 3).