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Table 3 Malaria knowledge among 957 households according to their socioeconomic position (SEP) in the study villages Bozi, Yoho and N'Dakonankro, central Côte d'Ivoire

From: Malaria knowledge and long-lasting insecticidal net use in rural communities of central Côte d'Ivoire

Variables Total (%) Wealth quintiles CIa SEb
(CI)
t-test (CI)
   Poorest (n = 192) Very poor (n = 201) Poor (n = 182) Less poor (n = 191) Least poor (n = 191)    
Malaria knowledge 90.8 84.9 87.6 94.5 91.1 96.3 0.023 0.007 3.30*
Malaria symptoms         
   Yellow urine 57.0 59.4 52.2 57.1 55.5 61.3 0.009 0.016 0.58
   Fever or hot body 55.6 35.4 43.8 59.3 66.0 74.3 0.144 0.034 4.28*
   Yellow eyes 39.9 24.5 27.9 54.4 47.1 47.1 0.129 0.057 2.26*
   Vomiting 17.4 16.7 18.4 17.0 14.1 20.9 0.019 0.037 0.53
   Diarrhoea 1.8 2.1 1.5 1.1 1.6 2.6 0.051 0.092 0.55
   Anaemia 1.7 0.5 0.0 1.1 2.1 4.7 0.496 0.093 5.32*
   Convulsion 1.2 0.5 0.5 0.5 1.0 3.7 0.435 0.052 8.32*
   Cough 1.0 0.0 0.5 1.6 2.1 1.0 0.281 0.205 1.37
Cause of malaria in children        
   Mosquitoes 69.9 65.1 59.7 70.3 73.8 81.1 0.052 0.012 4.20*
   Sun 34.5 40.6 29.3 34.1 32.5 36.1 -0.014 0.034 -0.42
   Fever 17.8 15.6 18.4 19.2 14.7 20.9 0.031 0.033 0.93
   Fatigue 5.6 4.2 1.5 3.3 6.3 13.1 0.317 0.085 3.75*
   Bad food 4.1 1.0 2.5 6.6 5.8 4.7 0.207 0.135 1.54
   Dirty water 1.7 1.0 1.5 1.1 1.0 3.7 0.230 0.108 2.13*
   Sorcerer 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.5 0.0 0.403 0.357 1.13
First line-treatment         
   Traditional medicines 47.9 59.9 53.7 47.2 44.0 34.0 -0.103 0.028 -3.73*
   Modern medicines 26.1 10.4 22.4 26.9 29.3 41.9 0.214 0.075 2.88*
   Traditional and modern medicines 15.0 11.5 11.9 16.5 18.8 16.7 0.093 0.027 3.48*
After first line-treatment         
   Hospital 67.1 42.7 55.7 78.0 73.3 86.9 0.126 0.041 3.06*
   Nothing 13.1 24.5 15.9 7.1 7.3 9.9 -0.233 0.056 -4.20*
   Traditional healer 12.1 19.3 18.4 10.4 10.5 1.6 -0.287 0.122 -2.36*
Measures to avoid malaria        
   Mosquitoes avoidance 60.8 60.4 53.2 56.6 62.3 71.7 0.041 0.023 1.76
   Sun avoidance 27.1 35.4 24.9 25.8 19.9 29.3 -0.052 0.054 -0.95
   Modern medicine 21.0 12.0 16.9 25.8 23.0 27.7 0.143 0.053 2.68*
   Traditional cure 15.1 11.5 11.4 18.1 20.9 14.1 0.078 0.054 1.44
   Herbal tea 8.1 6.8 9.4 11.0 5.2 8.4 -0.009 0.055 -0.16
   Don't know 1.9 0.5 1.5 2.2 3.1 2.1 0.205 0.117 1.75
   Child must avoid his totem 0.8 0.52 1.99 0.55 0.52 0.52 -0.140 0.135 -1.04
  1. *Significant difference
  2. aCI: concentration index
  3. bSE: standard error