Intermediate outputs which affect vector population or disease transmission dynamics. a) Larval survival of development as a function of temperature and larval mortality. Survival is from successful egg hatch to emergence; survival from oviposition would be significantly lower. b) Adult survival of sporogony as a function of temperature and adult mortality. At lower temperatures, mosquitoes spend longer in each progress queue and the overall effect of a daily mortality is greater. Adult mortality can be artificially increased through interventions such as bed nets, insecticide spraying, and baited traps.