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Table 3 Frequency and risk factors of Plasmodium falciparum in 432 febrile pregnant women attending antennal clinic Mbale Hospital between February and October 2010

From: Placental Plasmodium falciparum malaria infection: Operational accuracy of HRP2 rapid diagnostic tests in a malaria endemic setting

Parameter Measure(n) Malaria infection* cOR aOR P Value
Parity Primigravidae(n = 212) 105 (50%) 2.72 (1.82-4.07) 2.48 (1.64-3.75) 0.001‡
  ≥2 pregnancies(n = 220) 59(27%) 1.0 1.0  
Age <20 years (n = 141) 70(50%) 2.06(1.37-3.12) 1.09(0.63-1.92) 0.739
  ≥20 years (291) 94(32%) 1.0 1.0  
Maternal Anaemia <11.0 g/dL (n = 202) 91(45%) 1.76(1.19-2.61) 1.61(1.06-2.43) 0.024‡
  ≥11.0 g/dL (n = 230) 73(32%) 1-0 1.0  
HIV sero-status Positive or Unknown (n = 76) 34(44%) 1.41(0.85-2.32) 1.18(0.68-2.03) 0.563
  Negative (n = 356) 130(37%) 1.0 1.0  
Gestational age (WOA) 35 > weeks (n = 132) 59(45%) 1.50(0.98-2.27) 1.07(1.01-1.21) 0.018‡
  < 35 weeks (n = 300) 105(35%) 1.0 1.0  
Previous IPTp use Yes (n = 296) 108(37%) 0.82(0.54-1.24) 1.23(0.78-1.92) 0.368
  No(n = 136) 56(41%)    
Uses Net (ITN) Yes (n = 343) 115(34%) 0.41(0.26-0.66) 0.47(0.26-0.71) 0.001‡
  No (n = 89) 49(55%) 1.0 1.0  
Education None or less than 7 years(n = 228) 89(39%) 0.91(0.62-1.34) 1.25(0.82-1.90) 0.298
  More than 7 years(n = 204) 75(37%) 1.0 1.0  
  1. *Peripheral smear positive