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Table 5 Frequency and risk factors of placental Plasmodium falciparum infection among 166 delivering mothers in Mbale Hospital between February and October 2010

From: Placental Plasmodium falciparum malaria infection: Operational accuracy of HRP2 rapid diagnostic tests in a malaria endemic setting

Parameter Categories(n) Placental Infection cOR aOR P Value
Parity Primigravidae(n = 83) 14 (17%) 2.60 (0.95-7.15) 1.01 (0.21-4.72) 0.994
  ≥2 pregnancies(n = 83) 6(7%) 1.0 1.0  
Age < 20 years (n = 47) 9(19%) 2.33 (0.90-6.05) 1.68 (0.44-6.46) 0.451
  ≥20 years (119) 11(9%) 1.0 1.0  
Maternal Anaemia <11.0 g/dL (64) 11(17%) 2.31 (0.87-6.10) 2.09 (0.63-6.96) 0.222
  ≥11.0 g/dL (n = 97) 8(8%) 1.0 1.0  
Pregnancy outcome Still birth (n = 14) 6(36%) 1.34(0.16-11.12) 37.9 (2.70-528.80) 0.007‡
  Live full term(n = 149) 14(9%)    
Birth weight < 2500 gm (n = 11) 1(9%) 1.34 (0.16-11.12) 17.04 (0.63-460.7) 0.092
  ≥2500 gm(n = 97) 8(8%)    
Previous IPTp use Yes (n = 118) 17(14%) 0.40 (0.11-1.42) 0.31 (0.07-1.40) 0.127
  No(n = 30) 7(23%) 1   
Uses Net (ITN) Yes (n = 136) 13(10%) 0.34 (0.13-0.96) 1.02 (0.22- 4.58) 0.977
  No (n = 30) 7(23%) 1.0 1.0  
MIP* Smear Positive(n = 61) 16(26%) 8.98 (2.84-28.37) 20.95 (3.99-110.05) 0.001‡
  Smear Negative(n = 105) 4(4%) 1.0 1.0  
  1. *Malaria in pregnancy
  2. aOR = Adjusted odds ratios
  3. ‡ Statistically significant