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Table 2 Treatment practices in relation to malaria parasite prevalence by rapid diagnostic test (RDT)

From: Malaria diagnostic testing and treatment practices in three different Plasmodium falciparum transmission settings in Tanzania: before and after a government policy change

  Sumve DDH Biharamulo DDH   Rubya DDH  
   Before policy change After policy change Before policy change After policy change
Reported fever 362 360 135 250 501
Proportion RDT+, % (n/N) 42.0% (152/362) 19.6% (67/341) 6.3% (8/127) 1.2% (3/250) 4.4% (22/501)
Anti-malarial treatment      
   RDT+, % (n/N)* 100% (152/152) 92% (62/67) 75.0% (6/8) 100% (3/3) 100% (22/22)
   RDT-,% (n/N) ** 68.1% (143/210) 89.1% (244/274) 38.7% (46/119) 76.9% (190/247) 10.0% (48/479)
Antibiotic treatment      
   RDT+, % (n/N) # 28.9% (44/152) 16.4% (11/67) 25.0% (2/8) 33.3% (1/3) 77.3% (17/22)
   RDT-, % (n/N) ## 63.3% (133/210) 12.8% (35/274) 59.7% (71/119) 70.0% (173/247) 94.6% (453/479)
  1. * proportion of RDT+ individuals who received anti-malarial treatment
  2. ** proportion of RDT- individuals who received anti-malarial treatment
  3. # proportion of RDT+ individuals who received antibiotics
  4. ## proportion of RDT- individuals who received antibiotics