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Table 1 Reported reasons for non-use as given by participants who own/have available a mosquito net

From: Reported reasons for not using a mosquito net when one is available: a review of the published literature

Study Study Population SS Net Type Non-use Measure Reported Reasons for Non-use N Non-use Category
[20]a Children < 5 yrsb 69c ITN Undefined Physical barrier to net used 23 Technical
      Heat 22 Discomfort
      Disruption of sleeping arrangements 16 Social
      Perceived mosquito density (PMD) 11 PMD
      Net temporarily unavailablee 9 Availability
      Caregiver not presentf 8 Social
      Inconvenienceg 4 Technical
      Forgetfulness 4 Other
      Cannot use since child is sick 3 Other
      Funeral affected net use 2 Social
      Slept elsewhere 1 Social
      Net is damaged 1 Other
      Net is in storage 1 Other
      Child fears ants will climb up net 1 Other
[21]h Household members 294i ITN No use - previous night or week Away on business or visiting relatives 44j Social
      Attending an all night affair 29k Social
      Night work 9l Social
      Heat 4 Discomfort
[28] Pregnant women 52p LLIN No use previous night Experiencing labour pains 22 Other
      Heat 14 Discomfort
      Difficult to breathe under net 12 Discomfort
      Saving net for use after delivery 10 Other
      No place to tie net 6 Technical
      Net was dirty 5 Availability
      Slept elsewhere 5 Social
[29] HIV positive adults 17 LLIN Use < 7 nights a week or not at all Heat 8 Discomfort
      Net unavailable 6 Availability
      Perceived mosquito density 2 PMD
      Slept elsewhere 2 Social
      Net too difficult to mount 1 Technical
      Forgot 1 Other
[30]h Caregivers to children < 5 27c ITN No use previous night Heat 9 Discomfort
      Perceived mosquito density 5 PMD
      Too difficult to get up at night 2 Technical
      Blocks the breeze at night 1 Discomfort
[31]n Household members 25 LLIN No use previous night Perceived mosquito density 5 PMD
[32]h Household head, mother or adult 277m LLIN Use < 7 nights a week Heat 100 Discomfort
      Dislike of sleeping under net 93 Discomfort
      Perceived mosquito density 36 PMD
      Slept elsewhere 24 Social
[33]h Caregivers to children < 10 116 ITN Undefined Heat 68 Discomfort
      Perceived mosquito density 27 PMD
[34]n Pregnant women 710 ITN Use during pregnancy Misinformation 41 Other
  1. SS = Sample size; N = Number; a. This study seemingly reports both actual (reasons why a mosquito net was not used) and anticipated (reasons why a mosquito net may not be used) reasons for mosquito net non-use; b. Data reported by caregivers; c. The reported figure differs from that in the respective study as it excludes participants who reported non-ownership as a reason for non-use; d. Reviewer derived category of the reported reasons: 'no room to hang child's net', 'house reconstruction affects net use', 'net is too small for bed or mat', 'roof is leaking, so cannot spread the net', 'cannot hang the net'; e. Reviewer derived category of the reported reasons: 'child's net used by another', 'visitor is using child's net', child's net has been taken for mending', 'child's net was washed'; f. Reviewer derived category of the reported reasons: 'child temporarily lacks caregiver', mother or caregiver is away'; g. Reviewer derived category of the reported reasons: 'difficult to spread net over mat', 'returned home to late to put up net', 'net is too hard to put up and take down'; h. Reported additional reasons for mosquito net non-use, but these were either undefined (i.e. reported as 'other') or the respective number/percentage was not provided; i. This figure was not reported in the study (no denominator was provided); rather, it was calculated by the primary author based on the reported facts that 1347 households were surveyed and that 24% of households reported at least one household member not sleeping under a net in the past week (24% of 1347 = 323). As it was also stated that 24% of the 122 reported reasons for non-mosquito net use were due to insufficient nets, 29 (24% of 122 = 29) was subtracted from 323 = 294; j. Calculated as 36% of 122; k. Calculated as 24% of 122; l. Calculated as 7% of 122; m. The reported figure differs from that in the respective study as it excludes participants who reported non-ownership as a reason for non-usage and participants who reported their mosquito net as 'lost or stolen'; n. The sum total of 'irregular users' reported in Table 2 of this study; o. Additional reasons for non-use of a mosquito net were recorded, but were not reported in the study; p. Calculated as the 18+53 participants recorded as 'no' in the 'used in pregnancy' column in figure 1.