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Table 3 Species-specific allele frequencies of the kdr allele (and 95% confidence intervals, Cls) in each study site

From: The polymorphism and the geographical distribution of the knockdown resistance (kdr) of Anopheles sinensis in the Republic of Korea

    kdr Allele Frequency (%)
    Susceptible   Resistant
Study Sites Species N Leu   Phe Cys
    TTG [95% CI] TTT [95% CI] TTC [95% CI] TGT [95% CI]
YC An. sinensis 14 25.0 [20.2-29.8] 54.0 [43.6-64.4] 0.0 [0.0-0.0] 21.0 [17.0-25.0]
  An. kleini 15 100.0 [81.9-100.0] 0.0 [0.0-0.0] 0.0 [0.0-0.0] 0.0 [0.0-0.0]
  An. pullus 3 100.0 [36.8-100.0] 0.0 [0.0-0.0] 0.0 [0.0-0.0] 0.0 [0.0-0.0]
PJ An. sinensis 17 20.6 [17.3-23.9] 61.8 [51.8-71.7] 0.0 [0.0-0.0] 17.6 [14.8-20.5]
  An. pullus 13 100.0 [79.4-100.0] 0.0 [0.0-0.0] 0.0 [0.0-0.0] 0.0 [0.0-0.0]
GP An. kleini 5 100.0 [54.9-100.0] 0.0 [0.0-0.0] 0.0 [0.0-0.0] 0.0 [0.0-0.0]
  An. lesteri 12 100.0 [77.9-100.0] 0.0 [0.0-0.0] 0.0 [0.0-0.0] 0.0 [0.0-0.0]
  An. belenrae 2 100.0 [22.4-100.0] 0.0 [0.0-0.0] 0.0 [0.0-0.0] 0.0 [0.0-0.0]
  An. pullus 10 100.0 [74.1-100.0] 0.0 [0.0-0.0] 0.0 [0.0-0.0] 0.0 [0.0-0.0]
PC An. kleini 8 100.0 [68.8-100.0] 0.0 [0.0-0.0] 0.0 [0.0-0.0] 0.0 [0.0-0.0]
YJ An. kleini 1 100.0 [5.0-100.0] 0.0 [0.0-0.0] 0.0 [0.0-0.0] 0.0 [0.0-0.0]
BS An. sinensis 13 7.7 [6.1-9.3] 69.2 [55.0-83.5] 0.0 [0.0-0.0] 23.1 [18.3-27.8]
SR An. lesteri 1 100.0 [5.0-100.0] 0.0 [0.0-0.0] 0.0 [0.0-0.0] 0.0 [0.0-0.0]
AD An. sinensis 16 75.0 [62.2-87.8] 0.0 [0.0-0.0] 9.0 [7.5-10.5] 16.0 [13.3-18.7]
GR An. sinensis 17 64.7 [54.3-75.2] 17.6 [14.8-20.5] 14.7 [12.3-17.1] 2.9 [2.5-3.4]
YY An. sinensis 10 23.5 [17.4-29.6] 70.6 [52.3-88.9] 5.9 [4.4-7.4] 0.0 [0.0-0.0]
  An. kleini 1 100.0 [5.0-100.0] 0.0 [0.0-0.0] 0.0 [0.0-0.0] 0.0 [0.0-0.0]
  An. sineroides 19 100.0* [85.4-100.0] 0.0 [0.0-0.0] 0.0 [0.0-0.0] 0.0 [0.0-0.0]
   177         
  1. The asterisk indicates TTA L1014 allele frequency.