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Table 7 Differences in biology between Anopheles arabiensis and An. funestus [[15]]

From: Thermal limits of wild and laboratory strains of two African malaria vector species, Anopheles arabiensis and Anopheles funestus

  Anopheles arabiensis Anopheles funestus
Southern African distribution Present in South Africa in the low-lying north-eastern areas Absent from South Africa at present, but occurs in southern Mozambique
Habitat type Arid-adapted, areas as low as 40% relative humidity, environmental temperatures as high as 50 °C “Tropical species”, requires more humid environment, environmental temperatures up to 40 °C
Breeding sites Shallow, temporary pools <0.5 m deep eg, hoof prints, tyre tracks Swamps, slow-flowing streams, deep and vegetated water bodies
Behaviour Exophilic and endophilic, feeds on cattle and humans Endophilic, prefers to feed on humans