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Table 1 Frequency of positivity for Plasmodium falciparum by direct smear examination or of P. falciparum DNA by nested PCR by location

From: A cross-sectional study of sub-clinical Plasmodium falciparum infection in HIV-1 infected and uninfected populations in Mozambique, South-Eastern Africa

  Maputo n = 1115 Mocuba n = 720 Total (both sites) n = 1835
n (%) n (%)   (%)
HIV Positive 876 (68.0) 404 (32.0) 1280 (100)
  Smear 876   404   1280 (100)
   Positive 4 (0.5) 39 (9.6) 43 (3.3)
   Negative 872 (99.5) 365 (90.4) 1237 (96.7)
  PCR 638   204   842 (100)
   Positive 12 (1.9) 37 (18.1) 49 (5.8)
   Negative 626 (98.1) 167 (81.9) 793 (94.2)
HIV Negative 239 (43.0) 316 (57) 555 (100)
  Smear 239   316   555 (100)
   Positive 1 (0.4) 16 (5.1) 17 (3.1)
   Negative 238 (99.6) 300 (94.9) 538 (96.9)
  PCR 224   183   407 (100.0)
   Positive 4 (1.8) 20 (10.9) 24 (5.9)
   Negative 220 (98.2) 163 (89.1) 383 (94.1)
Total       
   Smear 1115 (61) 720 (39) 1835 (100)
   Positive 5 (0.5) 55 (7.6) 60 (3.2)
   Negative 1110 (99.6) 665 (92.4) 1775 (96.8)
   PCR 862   387   1249 (100)
   Positive 16 (1.8) 53 (13.7) 69 (6.0)
   Negative 846 (96.5) 334 (86.3) 1198 (94.0)