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Table 2 Bi-directional conditioning experiment for short-term visual memory in Anopheles gambiae females using contrasted blood qualities

From: Visual and olfactory associative learning in the malaria vector Anopheles gambiae sensu stricto

Association Chequered/Normal blood White/Normal blood χ 2 p-value
Blood Normal blood Salted blood Normal blood Salted blood - -
Time (min) n n n n   
2 9 7 8 6 0.5 0.465
4 11 4 10 2 8.8 0.003
6 16 1 10 0 28.9 < 0.001
8 19 0 15 0 47.1 < 0.001
10 18 0 16 0 47.1 < 0.001
  1. †The change in number of females on two blood feeders with contrasting bloodmeal quality (salted and normal blood) used as reinforcing stimuli associated with chequered and white visual patterns for bi-directional conditioning. The position of each feeder was alternated every 2 min (see methods for details). Significant results are in bold