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Table 4 Comparison of baseline and endline mortality, fever prevalence and hospital admission for all three groups

From: Effects of malaria volunteer training on coverage and timeliness of diagnosis: a cluster randomized controlled trial in Myanmar

  Baseline Endline
  Intervention Comparison Intervention Comparison Odds ratio (95% CI) Midwives
Mortality analysis       
Total village population 15,639 17,216 15,168 16,567   26,209
Deaths within 30 days from all causesa 7 12     
Deaths during survey period (per 100,000 population year, SE)     
All causes    66c (713, SE 88) 61 (606, SE 77) 1.18 (0.82, 1.70) 83 (521, SE 57)
Deaths from fever    20 (216, SE 48) 20 (199, SE 44) 1.09 (0.56, 2.14) 12 (75, SE 22)
Probable malariab    12 (130, SE 37) 12 (119, SE 34) 1.09 (0.45- 2.66) 8 (50, SE 18)
Period prevalence of fever       
Villagers listed by survey team 8,699 6,766 10,504 9,063   11,720
  % (SE) % (SE) % (SE) % (SE)   % (SE)
Fever       
Within one month 6.6 (0.39) 7.2 (0.46) 5.0(0.23) 6.1 (0.28) 1.22 (1.06, 1.39)* 4.1(0.19)
Within 3 months    9.4(0.30) 9.8 (0.34) 1.05 (0.95, 1.16) 7.6(0.26)
Hospital admission from any cause   0.67(0.08) 0.7 (0.09) 1.03 (0.72, 1.47) 0.8(0.09)
  1. a as reported by village leaders, no verbal autopsy done for baseline survey.
  2. b Based on WHO standard malaria case definitions [35, 36].
  3. c Verbal autopsy revealed that all dead cases had never visited the volunteer.
  4. * Significant difference between the intervention and the comparison.