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Table 1 Baseline characteristics of pregnant women by early pregnancy malaria parasitaemia status (n = 128). Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of Congo, 2005–2006

From: Plasmodium falciparum parasitaemia in the first half of pregnancy, uterine and umbilical artery blood flow, and foetal growth: a longitudinal Doppler ultrasound study

Characteristic Total (n = 128) Early pregnancy malaria parasitaemia (n = 27) No early pregnancy malaria parasitaemia (n = 101) P a
N (%) N (%) N (%)
Maternal age
 ≥30 48 (38) 6 (22) 42 (42) 0.13
 25-29 40 (31) 9 (33) 31 (31)  
 <25 40 (31) 12 (44) 28 (28)  
Gravidity
 Primigravidae 34 (27) 6 (18) 28 (82) 0.56
 Multigravidae 94 (73) 21 (22) 73 (78)  
Foetal sex
 Female 70 (55) 17 (24) 53 (76) 0.36
 Male 57 (45) 10 (18) 47 (83)  
Low SES
 Yes 109 (85) 23 (21) 86 (79) 0.99
 No 19 (15) 4 (21) 15 (79)  
Low education
 Yes 55 (43) 16 (29) 39 (71) 0.054
 No 74 (57) 11 (15) 62 (85)  
Baseline MUAC <24.3
 Yes 28 (22) 6 (21) 22 (79) 0.96
 No 100 (78) 21 (21) 79 (79)  
  1. SES, socio-economic status; MUAC, mid-upper arm circumference.
  2. a. P values from χ2 tests.