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Table 3 Multivariate logistic regression analysis of P . falciparum and vivax mixed infection’s seroprevalence

From: Plasmodium vivax and Plasmodium falciparum infections in the Republic of Djibouti: evaluation of their prevalence and potential determinants

  N P % (95%CI) RE
cOR (CI95%) aOR (CI95%) p-value
Type of living area
 Rural 553 43 7.8 (5.7-10.3) 1 1 0.0477
 Urban 1357 152 11.2 (9.6-13.0) 1.52 (0.83-2.78) 1.77 (1.01 - 3.11)
Gender
 Male 742 91 12.3 (10.0-14.8) 1 1 0.0006
 Female 1168 104 8.9 (7.3-10.7) 0.65 (0.47-0.90) 0.56 (0.40 - 0.78)
Educational level
 Schooled 666 44 6.6 (4.8-8.8) 1 1 0.004
 Never Schooled 1244 151 12.1 (10.4-14.1) 1.81 (1.24-2.63) 2.04 (1.38 - 3.02)
Staying in a malaria endemic country more than one year
Yes 167 31 18.6 (13.0-25.3) 1 1 0.0012
No 1743 164 9.4 (8.1-10.9) 0.39 (0.24-0.64) 0.45 (0.27 - 0.73)
Having fever during the last month
 Yes 435 65 14.9 (11.7-18.6) 1 1 0.0011
 No 1475 130 8.8 (7.4-10.4) 0.54 (0.37-0.77) 0.54 (0.38 - 0.78)
Distance to rivers or lakes (Km)
 > 1.5 Km 1210 97 8.0 (6.5-9.7) 1 1 0.0190
 ≤ 1.5 Km 700 98 14.0 (11.5-16.8) 1.83 (1.07-3.13) 1.83 (1.10 - 3.04)  
  1. N = number; P = seropositivity to P. falciparum and P. vivax; RE = Random effect; cOR = Crude Odd ratio; aOR = Adjusted Odd ratio; CI95% = Confident interval 95%.