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Table 3 Hospital deaths due to infection with Plasmodium falciparum and malaria case fatality rates in children < 5 years of age, observed during routine surveillance in 15 IRS districts in 2007 and 2008 in Zambia

From: Impact assessment of malaria vector control using routine surveillance data in Zambia: implications for monitoring and evaluation

Sentinel site % IRS Coverage Hospital malaria deaths as a proportion of all hospital deaths, (%)(n)(95% CI) P(2007–2008) Case Fatality Rate, (%) (n)(95% CI) P(2007–2008)
2007 2007 2008 2007 2008
Chililabombwe 95 45.0(20) [23.20-66.80] 33.3(12) [6.66-60.0] 0.186 13.8(544) [10.89-16.69] 20.4(196) [14.77-26.05] 0.259
Chingola 97 32.6(43) [18.55-46.57] 44.0(25) [24.54-63.46] 0.193 9.6(1446) [8.12-11.14] 15.6(706) [12.90-18.26] 0.232
Chongwe 100 62.5(56) [49.82-75.18] 61.5(13) [35.09-87.99] 0.929 27.8(1260) [25.31-30.25] 19.3(414) [15.52-23.12] 0.216
Kabwe 80 38.6(57) [25.96-51.24] 31.5(92) [22.03-41.01] 0.397 19.6(1123) [17.27-21.91] 30.8(943) [27.80-33.70] 0.115
Kafue 96 40.6(32) [23.61-57.65] 41.9(31) [24.57-59.31] 0.888 14.2(913) [11.97-16.51] 20.6(630) [17.47-23.79] 0.278
Kalulushi 93 27.9(43) [14.50-41.32] 63.6(11) [35.21-92.07] 0.0002 11.5(1045) [9.55-13.41] 10.3(682) [7.98-12.54] 0.797
Kazungula 95 42.9(7) [6.20-79.52] 100(1) […-…] <0.0001 21.9(137) [14.97-28.83] 28.6(35) [13.60 -43.54] 0.346
Kitwe 100 57.8(36) [36.47-69.09] 46.1(180) [38.83-53.39] 0.251 12.9(1468) [11.16-14.58] 73.6(1127) [71.08-76.22] <0.0001
Livingstone 94 37.0(54) [24.16-49.92] 16.7(12) [4.42-37.76] 0.0056 48.1(416) [43.28-52.88] 17.7(113)
[10.66-24.74]
0.0002
Luanshya 93 50.0(58) [37.13-62.87] 50.0(66) [37.94-62.06] 1 36.6(792) [33.26-39.38] 49.8(663) [45.96-53.58] 0.156
Lusaka 94 64.6(650) [60.94-68.30] 20.7(270) [15.90-25.58] <0.0001 55.4(2703) [62.91-65.81] 18.2(3075) [16.85-19.57] <0.0001
Mazabuka 100 38.1(113) [29.10-47.00] 43.2(44) [28.54-57.82] 0.572 16.5(2602) [15.06-17.92] 21.0(905) [18.34-23.64] 0.462
Mufulira 91 31.8(44) [18.06-45.58] 35.2(54) [22.45-47.93] 0.678 18.7(747) [15.94-21.54] 22.8(833)
[19.96-25.66]
0.525
Ndola 90 76.6(662) [73.36-79.82] 62.4(157) [54.84-70.00] 0.228 78.4(6468) [77.39-79.39] 25.9(3791) [24.51-27.29] <0.0001
Solwezi 86 67.8(115) [59.29-76.37] 63.0(27) [44.74-81.18] 0.675 26.9(2895) [25.29-28.53] 12.1(1407)
[10.38-13.78]
0.018
All 94 63.4(1990) [61.25-65.49] 38.7(995) [35.66-41.72] 0.015 50.3(24559) [49.71-50.97] 25.8(15520)
[25.10-26.48]
0.015
  1. (%) = Malaria deaths as a proportion of all hospital confirmed cases, n=Total number of confirmed hospital cases.