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Table 4 Associations with Adherence Behaviour (Three-Day Follow-Up Group)

From: Do patients adhere to over-the-counter artemisinin combination therapy for malaria? evidence from an intervention study in Uganda

  Dependent Variable:
A. Probably Adherent (Marginal Probit) B. Number of Pills Remaining (Ordinary Least Squares)
Coefficient on Independent Variable Standard Error P-Value Coefficient on Independent Variable Standard Error P-Value
Customer Age (years) 0.001 (0.003) [0.749] -0.006 (0.009) [0.540]
Customer Sex (Female) 0.006 (0.080) [0.942] 0.102 (0.232) [0.663]
Customer and Patient Are Same 0.044 (0.087) [0.611] -0.299 (0.258) [0.249]
Characteristics of Patient/Caregiver       
Patient Age (years) -0.001 (0.002) [0.599] -0.002 (0.005) [0.646]
Patient is 3 years or Below 0.038 (0.080) [0.638] 0.104 (0.233) [0.658]
Patient is 4-7 Years -0.110 (0.113) [0.329] 0.414 (0.316) [0.192]
Patient is 8-12 Years 0.162 (0.150) [0.279] -0.285 (0.437) [0.515]
Patient is 13 Years or Older -0.026 (0.081) [0.747] -0.252 (0.235) [0.287]
Patient Sex (Female) 0.074 (0.079) [0.344] -0.474 (0.225) [0.036]
Number of Dependents 0.004 (0.012) [0.735] -0.026 (0.036) [0.472]
Married 0.108 (0.109) [0.325] 0.094 (0.311) [0.762]
Reads English 0.067 (0.083) [0.417] -0.467 (0.235) [0.049]
Years of Education 0.013 (0.010) [0.213] -0.045 (0.028) [0.106]
Some Secondary Education or Beyond 0.223 (0.099) [0.024] -0.504 (0.289) [0.083]
Subsistence Farmer -0.110 (0.094) [0.241] 0.069 (0.276) [0.804]
Characteristics of Patient/Caregiver's House and Assets       
Distance from Drug Shop (Km; assessed by respondent) 0.005 (0.008) [0.556] -0.011 (0.016) [0.504]
Land (Acres) -0.023 (0.015) [0.120] 0.058 (0.040) [0.155]
No Toilet -0.013 (0.085) [0.878] -0.009 (0.252) [0.972]
Iron Roof 0.061 (0.101) [0.544] 0.123 (0.289) [0.671]
Number of Cattle Owned 0.005 (0.008) [0.572] -0.011 (0.020) [0.579]
Number of Chickens Owned 0.007 (0.006) [0.197] -0.018 (0.013) [0.166]
Health Behavior       
Number of Mosquito Nets Hanging 0.053 (0.034) [0.116] -0.120 (0.088) [0.176]
First Child Born in Facility (among those with children) 0.013 (0.083) [0.872] 0.012 (0.247) [0.960]
Treat/Purify Water -0.109 (0.117) [0.352] 0.370 (0.335) [0.272]
Characteristics of This Illness Episode       
Visited a Health Facility Before Shop -0.003 (0.092) [0.974] -0.020 (0.269) [0.941]
Days Waited Before Seeking Any Treatment -0.020 (0.011) [0.080] 0.030 (0.029) [0.299]
Medicines Taken Before Visiting Shop -0.096 (0.078) [0.219] 0.121 (0.229) [0.597]
Patient Reports Having Fever -0.059 (0.079) [0.453] 0.143 (0.230) [0.537]
Familiarity with and Perceptions of Coartem       
Stated Reason for Purchasing Coartem at Shop:       
"Believe it is Most Effective" 0.065 (0.079) [0.407] -0.375 (0.227) [0.101]
"Taken it Before and Liked It" 0.120 (0.089) [0.178] -0.098 (0.265) [0.711]
"Shop Attendant Recommended" -0.043 (0.086) [0.618] -0.027 (0.253) [0.916]
If Money Were No Concern, Patient would Choose Coartem 0.155 (0.106) [0.143] -0.257 (0.281) [0.362]
If Would Choose Coartem, Why:       
"Believe it is Most Effective" -0.047 (0.108) [0.660] 0.133 (0.291) [0.648]
"Taken it Before and Liked It" 0.098 (0.093) [0.293] -0.074 (0.265) [0.781]
"Shop Attendant Recommended" -0.045 (0.149) [0.761] 0.265 (0.413) [0.522]
Illness Resolution       
Still Experiencing Fever -0.140 (0.096) [0.147] 0.449 (0.247) [0.070]
Condition Has Improved 0.257 (0.142) [0.070] -0.634 (0.356) [0.077]
Patient is Able to Work/Play 0.093 (0.148) [0.529] -0.424 (0.381) [0.268]
Perceptions of Malaria Incidence: "Chances of Getting Malaria in the Next Month (Out of 10)"       
Adults -0.026 (0.016) [0.117] 0.053 (0.046) [0.245]
Child Age 6-15 -0.030 (0.015) [0.049] 0.088 (0.043) [0.042]
Child Under 2 Years -0.020 (0.014) [0.140] 0.037 (0.038) [0.326]
Instructions Given by Shop Attendant (Observed)       
Complete Dosing Instructions -0.049 (0.113) [0.662] 0.137 (0.346) [0.692]
Instructions in Case of Vomiting -0.052 (0.103) [0.614] -0.254 (0.299) [0.396]
Instruction in Case the Patient Gets Worse -0.374 (0.218) [0.086] 0.424 (0.583) [0.467]
Instruction in Case the Patient Does not Improve -0.166 (0.179) [0.354] 0.222 (0.508) [0.663]
Instructions Given (Reported by Patient/Caregiver)       
Shop Attendant Gave Verbal Instructions 0.281 (0.106) [0.008] -0.807 (0.282) [0.005]
Shop Attendant Gave Written Instructions 0.151 (0.129) [0.242] -0.455 (0.363) [0.212]
Written Instructions Were Clear (If given) 0.165 (0.082) [0.045] -0.635 (0.214) [0.004]
  1. Estimates in Panel A are from probit regressions of a binary variable for whether or not treatment was completed on the independent variable indicated by row. Coefficient estimates from these regressions are reported as marginal effects. Estimates in Panel B are from linear ordinary least squares regressions of a variable indicating the number of pills remaining (including zero if the patient finished treatment) on the independent variable indicated by row. The variable indicating clarity of verbal instructions (Table 2) is not included here because only 2 people in the three-day follow-up group claimed that instructions were unclear