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Table 6 Sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive values (PPV) and negative predictive values (NPV) of RDTs compared to microscopy (reference method) in the high- and low-transmission areas in Madagascar, 2008-2010

From: Management of uncomplicated malaria in febrile under five-year-old children by community health workers in Madagascar: reliability of malaria rapid diagnostic tests

  Global High transmission Low transmission
Sensitivity (95% CI) 95.9 (89.9-98.9) 90.2 (81.7-95.7) 93.7 (69.8-99.4)
Specificity (95% CI) 87.0 (78.3-93.1) 87.2 (78.3-93.4) 83.3 (35.9-99.6)
PPV (95% CI) 88.7 (81.1-94.0) 87.1 (78.0-93.4) 72.7 (49.8-89.3)
NPV (95% CI) 95.2 (88.2-98.7) 90.4 (81.9-95.8) 93.7 (69.8-99.8)