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Table 3 Gender effects on the use of ITNs among individuals who have access to ITNs

From: Gender differences in the use of insecticide-treated nets after a universal free distribution campaign in Kano State, Nigeria: post-campaign survey results

Factors Number of individuals Number of individuals using ITN (%) Odd ratios (95% CI) p value
Total number of individuals 3,056 1622 (53.1)   
Explanatory variable     
Gender     
  Male 1,494 729 (48.8) 1  
  Female 1,562 893 (57.2) 1.46 (1.25-1.70) <0.001
Covariates     
Wealth quintiles     
  Lowest 521 273 (52.4) 0.80 (0.61-1.05) 0.104
  Second 610 307 (50.3) 0.82 (0.64-1.06) 0.128
  Middle 640 359 (56.1) 1.09 (0.86-1.39) 0.479
  Fourth 653 341 (52.2) 0.89 (0.70-1.13) 0.334
  Highest 632 342 (54.1) 1  
Waves     
  Wave 1 1,490 735 (49.3) 1  
  Wave 2 1,566 887 (56.6) 1.38 (1.18-1.61) <0.001
Age      
  Under 5 years 639 397 (62.1) 1.41 (1.14-1.75) 0.002
  5-15 years 971 471 (48.5) 0.88 (0.73-1.06) 0.169
  15-25 years 467 203 (43.5) 0.57 (0.45-0.73) <0.001
  25 years and older 979 551 (56.3) 1  
Place of residence     
  Urban 1080 538 (49.8) 1  
  Rural 1976 1,084 (54.9) 1.15 (0.98-1.35) 0.098
Education of head of household    
  None 1,880 965 (51.3) 1  
  Primary 636 374 (58.8) 1.38 (1.13-1.67) 0.001
  Secondary 382 185 (48.4) 0.87 (0.68-1.12) 0.288
  Higher 115 75 (65.2) 1.80 (1.16-2.78) 0.009
  Missing 43    
Polygamous household     
  Yes 1,291 666 (51.6) 1  
  No 1,765 956 (54.2) 0.88 (0.76-1.03) 0.114
Ratio 1 ITN/2 persons met    
  No 2,268 1,077 (47.5) 1  
  Yes 788 545 (69.2) 2.53 (2.11-3.04) <0.001
  1. Model fit: LR chi2(18)=238.45; p value<0.00001; Pseudo R2=0.057; Log likelihood = −1963.54.