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Table 2 Risk factors for peripheral malaria during pregnancy,parasitaemia and placental malaria (multivariate analysis)

From: Impact of malaria during pregnancy on pregnancy outcomes in a Ugandan prospectivecohort with intensive malaria screening and prompt treatment

  Peripheral malaria (rate ratio) Parasitaemia (log) Placental malaria (Odds ratio)
Maternal agea 0.97 (0.94 - 0.98) −0.01 (−0.04 to 0.01) 0.90 (0.80 - 1.02)
Education level    
   Primary level 0.76 (0.56 - 1.04) −0.10 (−0.40 to 0.20) 1.01 (0.17 - 5.81)
   ≥ secondary level 0.50 (0.35 - 0.72) −0.22 (−0.57 to 0.12) 2.05 (0.33 - 12.64)
Rural residence 1.97 (1.54 - 2.52) 0.04 (−0.18 to 0.27) 6.00 (1.29 - 28.02)
Primigravidae 1.31 (1.02 - 1.69) 0.08 (−0.17 0.33) 1.00 (0.33 – 3.00)
Use of bednet 0.71 (0.56 - 0.90) −0.08 (−0.30 to 0.14) 0.91 (0.30 - 2.77)
Gestational age at inclusionb 1.05 (1.03 - 1.07) 0.02 (0.00 to 0.04) 1.14 (1.05 - 1.24)
HIV status 0.92 (0.62 - 1.38) 0.42 (0.04 to 0.79) 2.68 (0.61 - 11.74)
# IPT doses    
   1 0.25 (0.17 – 0.35) ‐‐ ‐‐
   2 0.10 (0.06 – 0.18) ‐‐ 0.92 (0.22 – 3.76)
# malaria episodes    
   1 ‐‐‐ ‐‐‐ 3.30 (0.69 -15.88)
   ≥2 ‐‐‐ 0.47 (0.19 to 0.74) 15.80 (2.77 - 90.27)
  1. a.By 10 years; b. by week; IPT:intermittent preventive treatment.