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Table 2 Plasmodium sp. infection in non-human primates in Rondônia, Brazil, 2009–2012

From: Natural Plasmodium infection in monkeys in the state of Rondônia (Brazilian Western Amazon)

  Number of specimens Infected
Species Wild Captive Total Wild Captive Total (%)
  Unstablea Stableb    Unstable (%)a Stable (%)b   
Family callitrichidae
Callibela humilis - - 1 1 - - - -
Callibela goeldii - - - - - - - -
Cebuella pygmaea 4 - - 4 - - - -
Mico melanurus 3 - - 3 - - - -
Mico rondoni - - - - - - - -
Saguinus weddelli 3 3 - 6 - - - -
Saguinus labiatus 1 - - 1 - - - -
Family cebidae
Cebus albifrons 1 - 2 3   - - -
Sapajus apella 11 6 16 33 1B - 1B 2(6.1)
Sapajus cay - 1 - 1 - - - -
Saimiri boliviensis 2 - 2 4 - - - -
Saimiri ustus 6 6 - 12 1B - - 1(8.3)
Family aotidae
Aotus nigriceps 9 3 2 14 1B - - 1(7.1)
Family pitheciidae
Callicebus brunneus 6 3 2 11 - 1FB - 1(9.1)
Callicebus dubius 2 - - 2 1B - - 1(50)
Callicebus bernhardi - 1 - 1   - - -
Callicebus cinerascens 4 2 - 6   - - -
Chiropotes albinasus 1 1 - 2   1B - 1(50)
Pithecia irrorata 13 5 4 22 5B 1B - 6(27.3)
Family atelidae
Alouatta puruensis 7 7 2 16   - 1F 1(6.3)
Alouatta caraya - 4 - 4   - - -
Ateles chamek 4 9 9 22   3B 1F 3(13.6)
Lagothrix cana cana 5 2 9 16 1FB 1B - 2(12.5)
Total 82 53 49 184 10(12.2) 7(13.2) 3(6.1) 20(10.9)
  1. a Specimens from environmentally unstable areas.
  2. b Specimens from environmentally stable areas.
  3. B Positive for P. brasilianum only.
  4. F Positive for P. falciparum only.
  5. FB Positive for both P. falciparum and P. brasilianum.