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Table 6 Clinical course and complications experienced during hospital admission in probable severe malaria patients for only those aged 0 to 15 years (n=130)

From: Severe malaria in Battambang Referral Hospital, an area of multidrug resistance in Western-Cambodia: a retrospective analysis of cases from 2006–2009

  Neg Pf Pv Pf+Pv Not recorded Total Died OR (95% CI) p-value*
   n    n (%) n (%)
Prostration 51 65 8 2 4 130 (78) 13 (10) 3.8 (0.5, 29.9) 0.31
Impaired consciousness 51 65 8 2 4 130 (78) 13 (10) 3.9 (0.5, 30.8) 0.31
Multiple convulsion 3 83 12 1 1 100 (60) 1 (1) 2.9 (0.3, 27.4) 0.36
Severe anaemia 36 51 5 2 3 97 (58) 10 (10) 1.4 (0.4, 4.8) 0.77
Respiratory distress 26 34 4 3 3 70 (42) 11 (16) 8.7 (1.9, 40.5) 0
Hyperparasitaemia 1 33 1 5 1 41 (25) 1 (2) 0.2 (0.03, 1.6) 0.12
Frequent vomiting 14 17 3 2 1 37 (22) 1 (3) 0.2 (0.03, 2.0) 0.2
Abdominal bleeding 12 9 0 0 0 21 (13) 3 (14) 2.0 (0.5, 7.7) 0.4
Circulatory collapse 8 3 1 7 0 19 (11) 10 (53) 186 (30.4, 1143) 0**
Jaundice 6 4 0 0 0 10 (6) 2 (20) 3.0 (0.6, 15.8) 0.2
Macroscopic haemoglobinuria 3 0 0 0 0 3 (2) 1 (33) 5.7 (0.5, 66.6) 0.24
Pulmonary oedema 0 0 1 0 0 1 (1) 0 (0) 1.0 (1.0, 1.1) 1
Renal failure 0 0 0 0 0 0 (0) 0 (0) - -
Hypoglycaemia 0 0 0 0 0 0 (0) 0 (0) - -
  1. *Fisher's Exact Test (2-sided).
  2. **Adjusted for Circulatory Collapse, aOR (95% CI) of Circulatory Collapse = crude OR = 186 (30.4, 1143).