Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 7 Anti malarial and antibiotic treatment on admission versus outcome in probable severe malaria cases (n=393)

From: Severe malaria in Battambang Referral Hospital, an area of multidrug resistance in Western-Cambodia: a retrospective analysis of cases from 2006–2009

 Anti-malarial and antibiotic use Total Died
  n (%) n (%)
Only anti malarials 238 (61) 25 (11)
Only antibiotics 18 (5) 2 (11)
Antibiotics and anti malarials 107 (27) 22 (21)
No anti-malarials or antibiotics 30 (8) 6 (20)
Number and type of anti malarials    
 At least one anti-malarial 345 (88) 47 (14)
 Two or more anti-malarials 15 (4) 2 (13)
 Artemether 324 (82) 44 (14)
 Artesunate + Mefloquine 13 (3) 0 (0)
 Chloroquine 10 (3) 1 (10)
 Quinine 9 (2) 3 (33)
 Mefloquine 4 (1) 1 (25)
 DHA+Piperaquine 2 (1) 0 (0)
 DHA 2 (1) 1 (50)
Number and type of antibiotics   
 At least one antibiotic 125 (32) 24 (19)
 Two or more antibiotics 15 (4) 4 (27)
 Aminopenicillins 61 (16) 10 (16)
 Cephalosporins 37 (9) 14 (38)
 Ciprofloxacin 27 (7) 0 (0)
 Gentamycin 10 (3) 4 (40)
 Co-trimoxazole 4 (1) 0 (0)
 Metronidazole 4 (1) 0 (0)
 Tetracycline 1 (0) 0 (0)