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Table 1 Descriptive statistics from cross-sectional national Malaria Indicator Surveys for children aged six to 59 months

From: Exploring the impact of targeted distribution of free bed nets on households bed net ownership, socio-economic disparities and childhood malaria infection rates: analysis of national malaria survey data from three sub-Saharan Africa countries

Key outcome and control variables Angola (1,119) Tanzania (4,340) Uganda (2,296)
Year of the national MIS 2006/07 2007/08 2009
Some basic household characteristics    
Households living in rural areas 571 (51%) 3559 (82%) 1974 (86%)
Children with confirmed malaria infections 214 (20%) 782 (18%) 895 (39%)
Overall households with bed nets 369 (33%) 2,952 (68%) 1,400 (61%)
Households reporting children’s use of bed nets 246 (22%) 1,650 (38%) 941 (41%)
Female-headed households 243 (22%) 765 (24%) 666 (29%)
Average household age 44 Years 45.8 Years 41.47 Years
Average household size 5.1 5.33 4.82
Average household number of children <5 1.87 1.69 1.11
Household with no media access NA 1,786 (41.2%) 1,107 (48.2%)
Households residing over 3kms away from the closest health facilities NA 1,883 (43.4%) 1,458 (63.5%)
Household heads education levels  
No formal education 336 (31%) 1,216 (30%) 482 (22%)
Some Primary, Secondary or College education 772 (69%) 3,039 (70%0 1,791 (78%)
Household wealth category  
Poorest 492(44%) 1650 (38%) 918 (40%)
Wealthier 615(56%) 2,648 (62%) 1354 (60%)
Households living in areas receiving free bed-net distribution (FBD)
Households from areas receiving targeted FBD 515 (46%) 1,387 (32%) 918 (40%)
Proportion of children with malaria in FBD 109 (21%) 412 (26%) 242 (33%)
Households with bed nets in area receiving FBD 206 (40%) 1000 (63%) 477 (65%)
Children using bed nets in area receiving FBD 109 (21%) 665 (42%) 344 (46%)