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Table 3 Multilevel model results for household ownership of bed nets

From: Exploring the impact of targeted distribution of free bed nets on households bed net ownership, socio-economic disparities and childhood malaria infection rates: analysis of national malaria survey data from three sub-Saharan Africa countries

Total observations (N) Angola 1,125 Tanzania 3,109 Uganda 1,954
Household ownership of any bed net mfx dy/dx Confidence intervals mfx dy/dx Confidence intervals mfx dy/dx Confidence intervals
Age of household head −0.031* −0.0058 - –0.0005 −0.022*** −0.0034 - –0.0010 −0.017* −0.0034 - –0.0002
Gender (Male-headed households) −0.022 −0.1058 – 0.0616 −0.038** −0.0760 - -0.0017 −0.053** −0.10144 - -0.0061
Education of household head 0.056 −0.1365 – 0.0226 0.040* 0.0045 – 0.0762 0.046* −0.0087 – 0.10154
Place of domicile −0.020 −0.0967 – 0.1384 −0.019 −0.0656 – 0.0276 −0.133* 0.01417 – 0.2520
Household wealth 0.084** −0.1318 – 0.1386 0.152*** 0.1134 – 0.1910 0.120*** 0.05314 – 0.18817
Malaria endemicity 0.028 −0.0509 – 0.1074 −0.019 −0.0747 – 0.0359 0.041 −0.1910 – 0.27487
Size of the household 0.017* 0.0029 – 0.0327 0.005* −0.0009 – 0.01198 −0.005 −0.0114 – 0.01025
Number of children aged <5 years 0.020 −0.0497 – 0.0091 0.022** 0.0036 – 0.04060 0.006 0.0219 – 0.03487
Malaria parasitaemia −0.068* −0.1451 – 0.0082 −0.017 −0.0163 – 0.0519 −0.099*** −0.14765 -0.05042
Access to media NA NA 0.011* −0.01860 – 0.0411 0.035 0.08464 – 0.01384
Proximity to health facilities NA NA −0.200*** −0.2305 - -0.1701 0.002 0.04486 – 0.48889
Existence of free bed-net distribution 0.023* −0.2408 – 0.2876 0.025 −0.0834 – 0.0270 0.083 −0.30870 – 0.14176
Interaction term (free bed net/wealth) 0.055* −0.0781 – 0.1883 0.005 −0.0646 – 0.0539 0.002 −0.09614 – 0.09659
Predicted marginal effects for free bed-net distributions and wealth with reported household ownership of any bed net
  Angola Tanzania Uganda
Dependent variable: Household bed-net ownership Marginal effects: (dy/dx) Marginal effects: (dy/dx) Marginal effects: (dy/dx)
1 Wealth 0.084** 0.152*** 0.120***
2 Free bed-net distribution 0.023* 0.025 0.083
3 Scenarios for interaction term (free bed nets/wealth)  
 No free bed nets in poorer households 0.297*** 0.582*** 0.552***
 Free bed nets in poorer households 0.520*** 0.548*** 0.656***
 Free bed nets in wealthier households 0.523*** 0.762*** 0.684***
  1. Note: * statistically significant at 10% level, ** significant at 5% level and, *** refers significance level equal to or, less than 1%.