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Table 4 Multilevel model results for children’s use of bed nets

From: Exploring the impact of targeted distribution of free bed nets on households bed net ownership, socio-economic disparities and childhood malaria infection rates: analysis of national malaria survey data from three sub-Saharan Africa countries

Total observations (N) ANGOLA 1,125 TANZANIA 3,109 UGANDA 1,954
Children’s use of any bed net mfx dy/dx Confidence intervals mfx dy/dx Confidence intervals mfx dy/dx Confidence intervals
Age of household head −0.03 −0.0016 – 0.0023 −0.018** −0.0031 - –0.0004 −0.045*** −0.0065 - –0.0025
Gender (Male-headed households) −0.015 −0.0653 – 0.0622 −0.014 −0.0565 – 0.0280 −0.052* −0.1064 – 0.0021
Education of household head 0.039* −0.0188 – 0.0970 0.026 −0.0134 – 0.0662 0.004 −0.0547 – 0.0640
Place of domicile 0.062 −0.0227 – 0.1484 −0.030 −0.0779 – 0.1778 0.137* 0.0241 – 0.2515
Household wealth 0.060** −0.6844 – 0.1260 0.177*** 0.1379 – 0.2178 0.137*** 0.0649 – 0.2098
Malaria endemicity −0.130*** −0.1897 - -0.0707 −0.010 −0.0660 – 0.0457 0.050 0.1747 – 0.2749
Size of the household −0.008* −0.0020 – 0.0966 −0.005 0.0125 – 0.0015 −0.013* −0.0252 - -0.0008
Number of children aged <5 years −0.011 −0.0357 – 0.0118 0.037*** 0.0168 – 0.05725 0.048** 0.01680 – 0.12906
Malaria parasitaemia −0.041 −0.09667 – 0.0135 −0.011 −0.02726 – 0.0505 −0.147*** −0.19874 - -0.0972
Access to media NA NA 0.012* −0.0450 – 0.0200 0.002 −0.05523 – 0.0558
Proximity to health facilities NA NA −0.199** −0.2303 – 0.1677 −0.032 −0.0322 – 0.07353
Existence of free bed-net distribution 0.019* −0.06567 – 0.1041 0.053* 0.1152 – 0.0075 0.029 0.2382 – 0.20291
Interaction term (free bed net/wealth) 0.009 −0.09466 – 0.1130 0.036 −0.0324 – 0.10533 0.075 −0.1816 – 0.03141
Predicted marginal effects for free bed-net distributions and wealth with reported children’s use of bed nets
  Angola Tanzania Uganda
Dependent variable: Children’s bed net usage Marginal effects: (dy/dx) Marginal effects: (dy/dx) Marginal effects: (dy/dx)
1 Wealth 0.060** 0.177*** 0.137**
2 Free bed-net distribution 0.091* 0.053** −0.029
3 Scenarios for the interaction term (free bed nets/wealth):  
 No free bed nets in poorer households 0.270*** 0.197*** 0.237***
 No free bed nets in wealthier households 0.209*** 0.314*** 0.279***
 Free bed nets in poorer households 0.279*** 0.189*** 0.210***
 Free bed nets in wealthier households 0.218*** 0.303*** 0.249***
  1. Note: * statistically significant at 10% level, ** significant at 5% level and, *** refers to significance level equal to or, less than 1%.