Skip to main content

Table 4 Self-reported adherence with and drugs used for malaria chemoprophylaxis in relation to causative Plasmodium species

From: Severity of imported malaria: protective effect of taking malaria chemoprophylaxis

   Self-reported adherence to chemoprophylaxis   The odds ratio for non-compliant use of prophylaxis in P. falciparum infections versus non-P. falciparum infections
Drug used for chemoprophylaxis Malaria species Non compliant (n = 100) Compliant (n = 98) P-value Odds ratio (95% CI)
Atovaquone-proguanil P. falciparum 7 3 0.024 7.778 (1.200–50.424)
Non-falciparum 3 10
Mefloquine P. falciparum 33 7 <0.001 11.000 (3.556–34.023)
Non-falciparum 9 21
Chloroquine-proguanil* P. falciparum 12 15 0.236 2.800 (0.489–16.036)
Non-falciparum 2 7
Others P. falciparum 25 16 0.019 3.299 (1.200–9.069)
Non-falciparum 9 19
Total P. falciparum 77 41 <0.001 4.654 (2.517–8.607)
Non-falciparum 23 57
  1. Legend: N.A. not applicable, CI confidence interval, * = chloroquine-proguanil combination only.