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Table 1 Sociodemographic characteristics and care-seeking behavior of participants

From: Integrating child health services into malaria control services of village malaria workers in remote Cambodia: service utilization and knowledge of malaria management of caregivers

Variables Total (n=800) M (n=400) M+C (n=400)  
n/( X ¯ ) %/(SD) n/( X ¯ ) %/(SD) n/( X ¯ ) %/(SD) p-value
Caregiver’s age (years) (Mean: X ¯ , SD) (29.8) (7.8) (29.9) (8.1) (29.7) (7.5) 0.818
Number of children U5 (Mean: X ¯ , SD) (1.3) (0.5) (1.2) (0.4) (1.3) (0.5) 0.001
Distance from health centre (km) (Mean: X ¯ , SD) (27.0) (23.0) (22.3) (20.9) (31.7) (24.0) <0.001
Caregiver’s literacy        
 Illiterate 394 49.3 159 39.8 235 58.8 <0.001
 Literate 406 50.8 241 60.3 165 41.3  
Caregiver’s wealth index        
 Low 211 26.4 96 24.0 115 28.8 <0.001
 Middle 340 42.5 149 37.3 191 47.8  
 High 249 31.1 155 38.8 94 23.5  
VMW’s experience (months) (Mean: X ¯ , SD) (60.7) (28.5) (37.9) (5.5) (83.5) (23.4) <0.001
Know VMW in village        
 Yes 754 94.3 360 90.0 394 98.5 <0.001
Ever used VMW services        
 Yes 599 74.9 276 69.0 323 80.8 <0.001
Used VMW for childhood illnesses*        
 Yes 298 37.3 91 22.8 207 51.8 <0.001
Child age (months) (Mean: X ¯ , SD) (27.8) (16.0) (29) (15.9) (27) (16.0) 0.083
Most recent symptoms        
 ARI related symptoms 696 87.0 361 90.3 335 83.8 0.006
 Diarrhoea 238 29.8 93 23.3 145 36.3 <0.001
 Fever/Malaria 627 78.4 321 80.3 306 76.5 0.198
First health care provider for ARI related symptoms (n=696)        
 VMW 241 34.6 71 19.7 170 50.7 <0.001
 Public 103 14.8 89 24.7 14 4.2  
 Private** 313 45.0 181 50.1 132 39.4  
 Home care 39 5.6 20 5.5 19 5.7  
First health care provider for Diarrhoea (n=238)        
 VMW 70 29.4 8 8.6 62 42.8 <0.001
 Public 41 17.2 30 32.3 11 7.6  
 Private** 110 46.2 48 51.6 62 42.8  
 Home care 17 7.1 7 7.5 10 6.9  
First health care provider for Fever/Malaria (n=627)        
 VMW 223 35.6 75 23.4 148 48.4 <0.001
 Public 87 13.9 70 21.8 17 5.6  
 Private** 262 41.8 148 46.1 114 37.3  
 Home care 55 8.8 28 8.7 27 8.8  
Severity of symptoms        
 Mild 199 24.9 112 28.0 87 21.8 0.120
 Moderate 441 55.1 210 52.5 231 57.8  
 Severe 160 20.0 78 19.5 82 20.5  
Number of symptoms        
 One 29 3.6 29 7.3 39 9.8 0.308
 Two 56 7.0 56 14.0 63 15.8  
 Three or more 315 39.4 315 78.8 298 74.5  
  1. *Within three months prior to the survey.
  2. **Private clinic, pharmacy, traditional healer and other private practices.