Phylogenetic tree of Plasmodium spp. based on complete mitochondrial genomes. Bayesian and Maximum Likelihood (ML) methods yielded identical topologies, only the Bayesian tree is shown. The values above branches are posterior probabilities together with bootstrap values (in bold) as a percentage obtained for the maximum likelihood tree (see methods). Human malaria parasites are labelled in red and the chimpanzee identification is labelled in green. Branches indicated in green correspond to the African apes malarias, branches in blue correspond to the other mammals Plasmodium parasites (rodents, lemurs, Asian primates, etc.), and black braches mean the out-group used in this study.