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Table 1 Genetic divergences among different Plasmodium species

From: Malarial parasite diversity in chimpanzees: the value of comparative approaches to ascertain the evolution of Plasmodium falciparum antigens

   Genetic distance (d ± Std Err.)
Species n COX1 COX3 CYTB COX1 + CYTB complete mtDNA
P. vivax 110 0.001 ± 0.0005 0.001 ± 0.0005 0.000 ± 0.0001 0.001 ± 0.0003 0.001 ± 0.0001
P. vivax-P. cynomolgi 1 vs. 2 0.014 ± 0.0029 0.014 ± 0.0033 0.013 ± 0.0030 0.012 ± 0.0018 0.012 ± 0.0016
P. knowlesi 59 0.001 ± 0.0004 0.002 ± 0.0007 0.001 ± 0.0004 0.001 ± 0.0003 0.001 ± 0.0002
P. ovale wallikeri-P. ovale curtisi 2 0.011 ± 0.0030 0.025 ± 0.0056 0.013 ± 0.0031 0.012 ± 0.0022 0.012 ± 0.0014
P. chabaudi chabaudi 7 0.001 ± 0.0005 0.002 ± 0.0009 0.001 ± 0.0003 0.001 ± 0.0003 0.001 ± 0.0003
P. chabaudi adami 2 0.004 ± 0.0016 0.005 ± 0.0025 0.004 ± 0.0017 0.004 ± 0.0013 0.003 ± 0.0007
P. ch. chabaudi-P. ch. adami 7 vs. 2 0.005 ± 0.0017 0.009 ± 0.0028 0.006 ± 0.0019 0.005 ± 0.0013 0.005 ± 0.0007
P. billbrayi-P. gaboni 4 vs. 2 0.020 ± 0.0036 0.038 ± 0.0067 0.021 ± 0.0040 0.021 ± 0.0029 0.018 ± 0.0015
P. billbrayi-P. billcollinsi 4 vs. 1 0.103 ± 0.0088 0.167 ± 0.0150 0.086 ± 0.0096 0.095 ± 0.0063 0.077 ± 0.0039
P. reichenowi-Plasmodium sp.* 2 vs. 1 0.019 ± 0.0034 0.026 ± 0.0055 0.017 ± 0.0087 0.018 ± 0.0027 0.015 ± 0.0016
P. reichenowi-P. billcollinsi 2 vs. 1 0.076 ± 0.0076 0.130 ± 0.0158 0.039 ± 0.0063 0.060 ± 0.0048 0.051 ± 0.0028
P. reichenowi-P. falciparum (H) 2 vs.101 0.032 ± 0.0047 0.055 ± 0.0085 0.025 ± 0.0049 0.029 ± 0.0032 0.025 ± 0.0018
P. reichenowi-P. falciparum (Ch) 2 vs. 4 0.032 ± 0.0043 0.056 ± 0.0083 0.026 ± 0.0048 0.029 ± 0.0031 0.026 ± 0.0021
Plasmodium sp.*-P. falciparum (Ch) 1 vs. 4 0.036 ± 0.0052 0.060 ± 0.0091 0.034 ± 0.0056 0.035 ± 0.0034 0.030 ± 0.0022
P. falciparum (Ch)-P. billcollinsi 4 vs. 1 0.062 ± 0.0072 0.130 ± 0.0143 0.051 ± 0.0072 0.057 ± 0.0043 0.051 ± 0.0027
P. falciparum (Ch)-P. falciparum (H) 4 vs.101 0.000 ± 0.0000 0.001 ± 0.0007 0.001 ± 0.0005 0.001 ± 0.0002 0.002 ± 0.0004
P. falciparum (H) 101 0.000 ± 0.0001 0.001 ± 0.0004 0.001 ± 0.0003 0.000 ± 0.0001 0.000 ± 0.0001
  1. *Sequence GeneBank accession number GQ355476.
  2. (H) Human samples and (Ch) chimpanzee samples.