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Table 1 Correlation between jugular venous pressure and invasive haemodynamic measures

From: The reliability of the physical examination to guide fluid therapy in adults with severe falciparum malaria: an observational study

  Number of observations GEDVI CI2 ELWI3
  mean (95% CI)1 mean (95% CI) mean (95% CI)
Very low JVP 4 68 566 (535 – 598) 3.39 (3.24 – 3.54) 10.5 (9.4 – 11.6)
Low JVP 5 50 519 (497–540) 3.38 (3.21 – 3.55) 9.6 (8.9 – 10.2)
Normal JVP 6 74 599 (570 – 629) 3.58 (3.42 – 3.75) 9.0 (8.5 – 9.5)
Elevated JVP 7 175 570 (553–588) 3.46 (3.36 – 3.57) 9.4 (9.0 – 9.8)
  1. 1 Global end diastolic volume index (normal range 680–800 ml/m2).
  2. 2 Cardiac index (normal range 2.5-4.0 L/min/m2).
  3. 3 Extravascular Lung Water Index (normal range 3-7 ml/kg).
  4. 4 Not visible with the patient at 45º.
  5. 5 1 to 2 cm above the sternal angle with the patient at 45º.
  6. 6 3 to 4 cm above the sternal angle with the patient at 45º.
  7. 7 ≥5 cm above the sternal angle with the patient at 45º.