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Table 3 Chemical-based and non-chemical vector control methods applicable in South Sudan

From: Integrated vector management: a critical strategy for combating vector-borne diseases in South Sudan

Vector control method Major vectors targeted Vector-borne disease targeted
Indoor residual spraying Indoor biting/resting female Anopheles mosquitoes; phlebotomine sandflies Malaria, lymphatic filariasis, visceral leishmaniasis
Long-lasting insecticidal nets Indoor biting/resting female Anopheles mosquitoes; phlebotomine sandflies Malaria, lymphatic filariasis, visceral leishmaniasis
Other insecticide-impregnated materials Anopheles, Aedes, Culex mosquitoes; phlebotomine sandflies; tsetse flies; Simulium damnosum blackflies Malaria, dengue, lymphatic filariasis, Human African trypanosomiasis, onchocerciasis
Molluscicides Freshwater snails (Biomphilaria, Bulinus, Onchomelania); mosquitoes Anopheles, Aedes, Culex Schistosomiasis, lymphatic filariasis, malaria, dengue
Insect traps Anopheles, Aedes, Culex mosquitoes; tsetse flies Malaria, dengue, human African trypanosomiasis
Chemical and biological Larvicides Anopheles, Aedes, Culex mosquitoes; Simulium damnosum blackflies Malaria, dengue, lymphatic filariasis, onchocerciasis
Environmental modification/manipulation Anopheles, Aedes, Culex mosquitoes; freshwater snails (Biomphilaria, Bulinus, Onchomelania) Malaria, dengue, lymphatic filariasis, schistosomiasis
House modification Indoor biting/resting female Anopheles mosquitoes Malaria, lymphatic filariasis
Larvivorous fish Anopheles, Aedes, Culex mosquitoes Malaria, lymphatic filariasis
Non-larvivorous natural predators Freshwater snails (Biomphilaria, Bulinus, Onchomelania) Schistosomiasis
Polystyrene beads Mosquitoes Malaria, dengue, lymphatic filariasis
Topical repellents Mosquitoes; tsetse flies Human African trypanosomiasis