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Table 3 Values for Pearson’s coefficient ( r2) describing co-variation between water quality elements, Plasmodium and vector abundance (* p≤ 0.05)

From: Avian malaria prevalence and mosquito abundance in the Western Cape, South Africa

  Temp pH DO Salinity Latitude Longitude
Plasmodium prevalence
  - 0.21 0.10 0.18 0.39* 0.33* - 0.13
Mosquitoes
Mosquito prevalence/WSTR 0.09/- 0.12 0.008/0.28 0.10/0.44* - 0.33/- 0.33 - 0.16/- 0.23 - 0.13/0.27
Vector abundance 0.37* - 0.11 0.003 - 0.16 - 0.17 - 0.05
  1. WSTR represents mosquito prevalence excluding Strandfontein. Temp = Temperature; DO = Dissolved oxygen. Numbers in bold indicate significant correlation.