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Table 4 Selected risk factors for anti-malarial purchase after an RDT negative test result showing adjusted and unadjusted odds

From: The impact of rapid malaria diagnostic tests upon anti-malarial sales in community pharmacies in Gwagwalada, Nigeria

Risk factors for anti-malarial sale Odds ratio intervention (RDT negatives only) (95% CI) P value Adjusted odds ratio (RDT negatives only) (95% CI) P value
Average income or more 0.658 (0.465-0.931) 0.687 (0.468-1.007)
0.018 0.054
At least secondary education 0.438 (0.232-0.824) 0.504 (0.256-0.993)
0.009 0.048
Reported positive lab test prior to presentation 2.020 (1.207-3.382) 1.737 (1.007-2.996)
0.007 0.047
Reported last treatment for malaria (more than 6 months ago) 0.782 (0.549-1.114) 0.714 (0.494-1.032)
0.173 0.073
Anti-malarial recommended by a health professional 1.812 (1.286-2.553) 1.617 (1.134-2.305)
0.001 0.008
A history of fever in the last 48 hours 1.592 (1.051-2.410) 1.440 (0.934-2.218)
0.027 0.098