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Table 1 Source and original resolution of datasets

From: Relative importance of climatic, geographic and socio-economic determinants of malaria in Malawi

Data Description Spatial resolution Temporal resolution Source
Malaria cases Malaria cases from July 2004 - June 2011 reported at health facilities District Monthly HMIS, Ministry of Health
Area Land area of the districts in Malawi District   Unpublished reports
Population Population projections based on the 1998 population and housing census. District Yearly NSO population projections[47]
Urban population Population residing in the urban centres of Malawi District Yearly NSO population projections[47]
One room Proportion of dwelling units with one sleeping room District   Demographic and Health Survey[27]
No toilet facilities Percentage of households without toilet facilities District   Welfare Monitoring Survey[46]
Literacy rate Proportion of those aged five and above who can read and write in any language District   Welfare Monitoring Survey[46]
No school Proportion of the adult population who never attended school District   Welfare Monitoring Survey[46]
Traditional housing Defined as a dwelling with mud walls and a thatched roof District   Welfare Monitoring Survey[46]
ITN distribution Number of nets distributed by government, NGOs and some international agencies District Yearly Unpublished reports by the National Malaria Control Programme
Number of health facilities Network of health facilities operated by government and religious bodies District   MOH database
Precipitation Precipitation estimates (units: mm day-1) 10km grid Daily FEWS CPC/Famine Early WarningSystem Daily Rainfall Estimates[48]
Temperature Temperature reanalysis data (units: °C) 80km grid Daily ERA-Interim reanalysis[49]
Altitude Digital elevation data 90m grid   Shuttle Radar Topography Mission 90 m dataset[50]