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Table 4 Summary of anti-malarial terpenoids derived from the African flora, part 2: cassane furanoditerpenes, abietane diterpenes and sesquiterpenes

From: The potential of anti-malarial compounds derived from African medicinal plants. Part I: A pharmacological evaluation of alkaloids and terpenoids

Compound subclass Isolated metabolites Plant species (Family) Part of plant studied Place of harvest (locality, country) Author, reference
Cassane furanoditerpenes 109 and 110 Caesalpinia volkensii (Leguminosae) Root bark Gatamaiyo forest, Kenya Ochieng et al.[94]
Abietane diterpenes 111 and 112 Plectranthus hadiensis (Lamiaceae) Leaves South Africa van Zyla et al.[95]
113 Plectranthus lucidus (Lamiaceae) Leaves South Africa van Zyla et al.[95]
114 Plectranthus ecklonii (Lamiaceae) Leaves South Africa van Zyla et al.[95]
115, 116 and 117 Plectranthus purpuratus (Lamiaceae) Leaves South Africa van Zyla et al.[95]
118 Fuerstia africana (Lamiaceae) Aerial parts Ngong Hills, Kenya Koch et al. [96]
119 Hoslundia opposita (Lamiaceae) Root bark Tanzania Achenbach et al.[97]
120 Hyptis suaveolens (Lamiaceae) Leaves Southeastern Nigeria Chukwujekwu et al.[98]
Sesquiterpenes and sesquiterpene lactones 121, 122, 123, and 124 Vernonia amygdalina (Asteraceae) Leaves Mahale National Mountains Park, Tanzania Ohigashi et al.[99]
125 Vernonia brachycalyx (Asteraceae) Leaves Machakos District, Kenya Oketch-Rabah et al. [100]
126 Ajuga remota (Lamiaceae) Aerial parts Nairobi, Kenya Kuria et al. [101]
127, 128 and 129 Reneilmia cincinnata (Zingiberaceae) Fruits Bafut, Cameroon Tchuendem et al. [102]
130 and 131 Acanthospermum hispidum (Asteraceae) Flowers, leaves and stems Danto/Porto-Novo, Benin Ganfon et al. [103]
132, 133, 134, and 135 Vernonia angulifolia (Asteraceae) Aerial parts University of KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa Pedersen et al. [104]
136 Dicoma tomentosa (Asteraceae) Whole plant Poun, Burkina Faso Jansen et al. [105]
137 Artemisia annua (Asteraceae) Seeds Kjenzi (Bugarama), Burundi Reale et al. [106]
138 Dicoma anomala subsp. gerrardii (Asteraceae) Root stocks Brits region, South Africa Becker et al. [107]
139 Tithonia diversifolia (Asteraceae) Aerial parts São Tomé and Príncipe islands Goffin et al.[108]
140 Scleria striatinux (Cyperaceae) Roots Oku, Cameroon Efange et al.[109]
Coloratane sesquiterpenes 141 to 148 Warburgia ugandensis (Canellaceae) Stem bark Dello Menna, Ethiopia Wube et al.[110]