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Table 5 Summary of anti-malarial triterpenoids derived from the African flora, part 3: Beilshmiedic acid derivatives and pentacyclic triterpenes

From: The potential of anti-malarial compounds derived from African medicinal plants. Part I: A pharmacological evaluation of alkaloids and terpenoids

Compound subclass Isolated metabolites Plant species (Family) Part of plant studied Place of harvest (locality, country) Author, reference
Beilshmiedic acid derivatives 149, 150, 151, 152, and 153 Beilschmiedia cryptocaryoides (Lauraceae) Bark Ranomafana-Ifanadiana, Madagascar Talontsi et al.[111]
Pentacyclic triterpenes 154 Schefflera umbellifera (Araliaceae) Leaves South Africa Mthembu [112]
155 Maytenus senegalensis (Celastraceae) Root bark Eastern region of Sudan Khalid et al. [113]
156, 157, 158, 159, and 160 Nuxia sphaerocephala (Loganiaceae) Leaves Ankazobe, Madagascar Mambu et al.[83]
161 and 162 Hymenocardia acida (Phyllanthaceae) Bark Chad Mahmout et al.[114]
161 Cassia siamea (Fabaceae) Stems Otu (Oyo State), Nigeria Ajaiyeoba et al.[115]
163 and 164 Entandrophragma angolense (Meliaceae) Stem bark Awae forest reserve, Cameroon Bickii et al.[90]
165 Hypericum lanceolatum (Hypericaceae) Stem bark Mt. Bamboutos, Cameroon Zofou et al. [116]
166 Psorospermum glaberrimum (Hypericaceae) Stem bark Ekombitié, Cameroon Lenta et al. [117]
167 Baillonella toxisperma (Sapotaceae) Stem bark Korup forest reserve, Cameroon Mbah et al. [118]
168 Kigelia africana (Bignoniaceae) Stem bark Bandjoun, Cameroon Zofou et al. [119]
169, 170 and 171 Cogniauxia podolaena (Cucurbitaceae) Stem bark Congo Banzouzi et al. [120]